Breath The Freshness Of A Good Environment

Living in a save environment is leaving fresh and green, it is best developement mankind can attain.

Form A Round Opening With Your Thumb And A Finger

Look through the whole and imagine what Environment Go! Imagines of a totally green environment, Awesome Imagination.

How Does It Feel To Lie On A Save Green Lawn Thanking God For Nature?

To Environment Go!, It feels perfect and breath-taking.

Monday, 11 June 2018

What is conservation tillage and is it right for you?

Conservation in the agricultural industry is at an all-time high in recent years, with significant efforts being made to limit the impact of farming on the environment. These efforts include embracing organic farming and biodynamic farming, and implementing tillage practices such as conservation farming which is also known as ‘no-till’ farming.

If you want to look into a more environmentally friendly way of farming, outlined below is an explanation of conservation tillage and its advantages and disadvantages.

What is conservation tillage?
The creation of cultivated land includes tillage, which is a staple of the agricultural industry. Conservation tillage or ‘no-till farming’ is a method of soil cultivation which leaves the residue of last year’s crops (such as corn stalks or wheat husks) on the fields before, during and after the planting of the upcoming year’s crops. It is a popular method for  farmers who want to embrace a more natural approach to the industry.

This form of tillage is especially useful for regions that are prone to soil erosion. In some areas where this problem is rampant, it has become more common than other forms of tillage on arable land. Conservation tillage methods include no-till, strip-till, ridge-till and mulch-till.

  • No-till farming is the method of leaving mulch or crop residue on the surface of the soil before, during and after the planting period. Soil disturbance is kept to a minimum and many farmers combiner no-till farming with a more organic approach, such as natural herbicides and fertilisers.
  • Ridge-till farming is a method which involves scalping and planting on ridges built during cultivation of last year’s crops. It does involve the use of a herbicide or fertiliser but farmers often opt for an organic option. Most of the weeds and fertiliser are moved into the middle of the row, with clean and smooth surface areas for plants to take root on.
  • Mulch-till farming is a method similar to no-till farming in that the residue of previous crops is  left on the surface of the soil before, during and after the planting process. One difference is that a maximum amount of mulch is left on the surface in order to maintain maximum moisture and regulate the temperature of the soil for good crop wields.
The pros and cons of conservation tillage
Now that you know what conservation tillage is, you can decide whether or not it is right for you. Before you make any decisions about changing your farming methods, you will need to take into account what your own farming needs are. Outlined below are the advantages of conservation tillage.

  • Soil erosion is reduced: One of the major benefits of using conservation tillage, such as no-till farming, on your land, is that soil erosion is reduced. Soil erosion is a major issue faced by farmers and conservation tillage helps to maintain the structure of the soil by using little to no tilling techniques.
  • Water conservation: Because conservation tillage methods leave residue on the soil rather than removing it, the evaporation of soil moisture is decreased and the soil is able to absorb more water. This helps farmers in keeping the amount of water used to water crops relatively low. The amount of irrigation water and rainwater infiltration is also increased.
  • Beneficial insects and soil microbes increase: As the soil fertility increases, so does the health of the overall soil ecology. With reduced disturbance, there is usually an increase in beneficial insects and soil microbes. This helps to support the base of a healthy environment for a wide array of wildlife, as well as the necessary nutrients in the soil.
  • Reduced fuel and equipment costs: Farmers who practice no-till or conservation tillage farming do not have to use their equipment as often, which means that they save on fuel costs and equipment repair expenses. The farming equipment also tends to last longer as it is not used on a daily basis.
  • May not suit every soil type: Conservation tillage may not be successful in certain types of soil, and so you should do research into whether or not your type of soil and climate is conducive to this farming method. You may find that it is ideal for your soil and area, but if it is not then you should consider other organic farming methods.
  • Fungal disease possibilities: Because the crop residues are not fully incorporated into the soil, there is a risk of fungal disease being contracted by crops. The most common solution to this is to rotate crops that are not susceptible to the same diseases. However, this can be difficult for farmers who prefer practising monoculture.
Once you have weighed out the advantages and disadvantages of conservation tillage, you can decide whether it is right for your farm. For those who want to adopt a more eco-friendly way of farming, it is the ideal solution to conventional tillage which can damage the soil and cause a myriad of other environmental concerns.

Saturday, 19 May 2018

Proper Land Cultivation is Environmetal Friendly

What qualifies as cultivated land

In farming, there are certain things that are absolutely necessary in order to run and maintain a successful business. And having an area of land is rather important when wanting to start a farm. Then again, it’s not always as simple as just having a large plot of any old land. Is it?

What’s the deal with cultivated land? And what exactly qualifies as cultivated? Here’s all you need to know.

Cultivated land -EnvironmetGo!

The definition of cultivated land

So, according to the dictionary, cultivated land is farmland suited to growing of crops through plough and sow methods. So, basically, if you plan on starting a crop farm, you're going to need cultivated land in order to do so.

Cultivated land is, therefore, important in farming as it is the way in which the land can be suitable for the growth of crops. Without it, farming efforts would be for nothing and crop farmers would not be able to keep up with the rising demand. But cultivated land isn’t always something you can just find. There are certain activities that need to be carried out in order to cultivate land.

How to achieve cultivated land

As cultivated land is a necessity in farming, you’re going to need to know what must be done before you can even think about what type of crop you want to grow. The process of cultivating your land can take up to two years to get it where it needs to be for successful yields, so you better start now. It’s time to prepare your land, even if it’s been deemed as non-agricultural land. So, here’s what you need to do:

  • Clear it out: You start by clearing out the land. Weeds are crop killers and if you start farming on land with weeds in the ground, you’re setting yourself up for failure. This is also your opportunity to remove unwanted foliage and rocks from the area in order to design the layout of your crop farm.
  • Level the field: Once you’re confident that there are no weed roots to be found on your farmland, you’ll need to level out the field. There are regulations for farming on slopes steeper than 12% and, in any case, it will be easier to work on level ground. Once this is done, you can also start digging out holes for where your crops are going to be planted.
  • Test your soil: Your soil is the most important factor of your land. Without the right soil, you’ll just be wasting your time. Once you’ve cleared and levelled the land and dugout your seedling holes, you can take a sample from each of the holes and different areas of the farm where you will be farming, and send them off for testing. These tests will cover a whole lot of aspects (such as soil structure, pH levels, available nutrients and aeration ability) that will all influence what type of crops you will be able to grow. Then you’re going to have to work hard to keep your soil healthy. Healthy soil retains water, has plenty of nutrients and is fertile. All of which can be achieved through the addition of organic matter to the soil, as well as a few other practices.
  • Time for tillage: Tillage is another soil preparation activity. For cultivated and arable land, you need to till the soil with tillage machinery. This will encourage water retention, nutrients and organic matter. There are different methods of tilling which will depend on the type of farm you plan to run and the amount of tillage the soil needs in this preparation phase.

How to maintain cultivated land

Now that your land is ready and your crops are planted, you need to be able to maintain the cultivation of the land. It will all come down to the maintaining the quality of your soil so that it is a productive environment for crop growth. And that will require agricultural practices such as:

  • Planting cover crops: If you want to protect the crops you have and enrich the soil at the same time, you need to plant cover crops. Legumes, brassica and ryegrass are popular cover crops that can be planted among your regular crops to help maintain your cultivated land by crop protection soil enrichment.
  • Adding a layer of mulch: Mulch is a layer of practically any material that is thrown on top of your soil. Leaf, peach pit, bark and compost are examples of mulch that can be used on your soil. The function thereof will be to help the soil retain moisture, regulate temperature and even discourage weed growth.

It’s safe to say that, technically, any land qualifies as cultivated land. As long as you take the necessary steps to make and keep it that way.

Article Submitted By:
Mitchelle Jones.
South Africa.
For EnvironmentGo!

Sunday, 15 April 2018

Best ways to purify water and make it drinkable

Best ways to purify water and make it drinkable
Water is a basic need to which all people have the right to have access to it. But, unfortunately, that is not the case for many countries and areas in this world. Besides it being a fundamental right, you may also find yourself in a situation where you’re forced to turn to natural (but not always fresh) sources of water which you would need to purify it before you can drink.

Best ways to purify water and make it drinkable

The ways in which you can purify water to make it drinkable that will be discussed in this article aren’t all possible for individuals alone and are also solutions for the governments of countries without clean water. Purifying water can be a lengthy and costly process, but it will always be a necessary one as long as there are people around who need it.

Before we get to those ways, we’ll be looking over the dangers of unclean water and how to know if water is unclean to drink. Clean drinking water is used daily to keep us alive, prepare and cook our food and keep us clean. Everyone needs it.

Dangers of drinking unclean water

Many people have no alternate water source to go to and have no choice other than to drink unclean water in order to survive. The problem is that there are many dangers to drinking unclean water.

When we talk about unclean water, we’re referring to water that has been contaminated. This can be anything from untreated sewage, leaked chemicals, agricultural runoff, pollution (plastic, oil, glass, etc) and even as a result of urbanisation. And consuming these types of water can cause many health issues for those who drink it.

Unclean water becomes a home for a range of harmful bacterias such as E.coli and total coliforms. Besides from bacteria, they may also contain traces of lead, pesticides, nitrates, chlorinated solvents and dangerously high levels of fluoride and arsenic which are already naturally present in water.

Diseases and health concerns that arise from drinking unclean water include (but are not limited to):

  • Cholera: You’ve probably all heard of cholera and how serious it is. The culprit bacteria is Vibrio cholerae which is commonly found in contaminated water. The symptoms include severe diarrhoea and vomiting which lead to dehydration. The treatment plan for cholera includes hydration and antibiotics but, if left untreated can result in shock and death. There are in many places (should be all places) where there are water and medical solutions to address cholera outbreaks in rural areas.  
  • Dysentery: There is Shigella and Amoebic dysentery to be aware of, both of which entail an infected intestinal tract, diarrhoea, stomach cramps and dehydration (which, again if left untreated, can be fatal). Fluids are an essential course of treatment and antibiotics only if necessary.
  • Typhoid fever: Headaches, fever (go figure), abdominal pain and constipation are onset symptoms which can lead to bronchitis as well. Typhoid fever can be treated with antibiotics but can persist for up to four months without treatment.

Signs that a water source is unsafe to drink

The dangers are undeniable and the worst part is that you can’t always help it. What you can do is make sure you know what the signs are of contaminated water.

  • Murky, cloudy or discoloured water
  • A strong smell of chlorine or sulphur
  • Tasting anything chemically or bitter
  • Any water from a stagnant water sources

If you are wary of the water running from your taps, you can buy a home-test kit and test the water for any signs of contamination.

Different ways to purify water

There are a few good ways to purify water and make it safe to drink and use.

  • Desalination: The process of converting seawater to freshwater by extracting the mineral components is called desalination. Through desalination plants, freshwater can be distributed to areas where no clean water is available, so much as two megalitres a day. The problem is that these plants can take up to three years to build.
  • Boiling: For at-home water purifying solutions, the easiest route is through the boiling of water. Boiling may be effective in getting rid of bacterial organisms, but may prove ineffective in removing any metals or chemicals. In those cases, you will need to look at other purifying methods.  
  • Chemicals: Water treatment via chemicals has to be “just right”. Too little and the water won’t be cleaned enough and too much and you’ll likely fall ill anyway. Yes, you may taste the chemicals you use, but it will be safe so long as you’re aware of correct dosages. Types of chemicals used to purify water include chlorine bleach, iodine and chlorine dioxide tablets.
  • Filters: There are a variety of ways you can filter water – cloth, plant material, carbon filters – and all can be effective. You even get bottles with built-in filtration systems and filter-straws that filter water as you drink it (these are ideal if you’re hiking in the middle of nowhere and run low on your water supply).
Michelle Jones.

Climate Justice Scholarship For Only Environmental Students

The Sargent Firm’s injury attorneys are strongly dedicated to helping people and advocating for them through difficult times. We are passionate in our commitment to our community and do our best to support many civic, philanthropic, and artistic causes.
Our legal team feels one of the best ways to serve our community is by empowering young people by assisting them whenever possible to reach their full academic potential.
It is that belief and our firm’s commitment to our larger community, that we are excited to announce the Sargent Injury Scholarship.

Commitment to the Environment

Being part of an oceanfront community, the Sargent Firm has a unique perspective on the importance of protecting our oceans and the Earth’s natural resources.
That is why the Sargent Firm will award $1,000 to the student who best describes their experiences that demonstrate their commitment to environmental conservation and the various ways they have displayed that commitment in their daily lives.

Application Requirements

To apply for the Sargent Injury Scholarship, please provide the following:
  • Pertinent contact information, updated resume, and your current status as a student.
  • A 750-word original essay which describes the candidate’s commitment to environmental conservation. (NOTE: it is preferred that all essays be typed in 12-font Times Newman font.)
  • An up-to-date transcript from the applicant’s current institution. Unofficial transcripts are acceptable. (NOTE: first-year students are allowed to submit unofficial transcripts from the most recent institution attended along with unofficial documentation from their current school.)

Application and Deadline Information

To apply for this year’s scholarship, please send all required information (essay, transcripts, and resume) to [email protected] by the official program deadline of May 31, 2018.
Please format the scholarship application email subject line as follows:
The candidate’s personal essay, resume, and transcripts should also be attached to the email as distinct and separate attachments.


Saturday, 31 March 2018

Go Green: Tips For An Eco-friendly Small Farm

If you have a small farm, it is easy to implement eco-friendly practices. You will be able to save yourself money and the environment by using techniques such as no-till farming and natural animal grazing. While you should still use the feed mixers South Africa has to offer to keep your animals fed and healthy, you can eliminate the need to use other equipment. Below is some advice you can follow to go green and enjoy an eco-friendly small farm.

Invest in vermicomposting

This may sound like you are composting with vermin but in actual fact, vermicompost is the product of the composting process using various species of worms. It is an effect green farming technique which is ideal for small or hobby farms.

You will be practising eco-friendly farming with vermicomposting because you will limit the amount of waste you will throw away and the soil nutrients will improve significantly. Using worms as part of natural compost has been shown to increase the fertility of the soil too, making for a better crop yield.

Try hydroponics

Hydroponic growing is no longer a mystery but has become a common practice among eco-friendly farmers and gardeners. It is an effective, simple and efficient manner of growing certain crops and herbs.

Instead of growing crops or vegetables in the ground, hydroponic growing sees the crops grown inside a series of tubes in a nutrient-rich water solution. If you house this system indoors, you will be able to grow crops such as vegetables all year long, saving you from having to till and prepare land during the year. Another perk is that you can save up 80% more water than if you had grown the vegetables in the soil.

Water strategically

When watering your crops or even just watering the pasture, it is important to water strategically. Instead of setting your sprinklers to activate at certain times of the day, rather water at night so there is less evaporation. This will mean you water the land less than if you did so during the day.

Not only will you be saving water, you will also be strengthening the roots of your crops and increasing the moisture of your soil. If you feel you must water during the day, avoid doing so at the peak hours, where the sun is at its highest. Rather choose to water early in the morning or late in the afternoon when the day is cooler.
Practise crop rotation
If you plant crops, an eco-friendly way to improve your ‘green footprint’ is to implement crop rotation when planting. It is one of the easiest ways to maintain the health of your soil, and reduces – and in some cases – eliminates the need to use fertiliser.

Grass and legumes used in crop rotation are highly beneficial as they protect the water quality by preventing excess nutrients or chemicals from entering the water supplies. Using crop rotation correctly can help in destroying the spread of diseases, as well as reduce soil erosion on your farm. Your crops will become more robust and the health of your soil will improve ten-fold.

Use local crops

Planting crops which grow locally is more effective than planting crops which are not local to your region. Crops which are not suited for your region may be difficult to grow, requiring more resources such as fertiliser and herbicide.

If you live in an arid region, then farming crops local to the region makes sense. They will be more accustomed to drought and harsh weather conditions, and may need less water to survive. You will also lessen the damage caused on the soil by not having to use herbicides or pesticides on plants. Growing local crops is much friendlier to the environment than trying to force crops to grow in an environment they will not flourish in.
Use organic pest control
If you notice that you have insects in your crops which are causing problems, you should avoid reaching immediately for the pesticide. A natural way to eliminate pests is to use organic pest control, meaning that you use beneficial insects to rid your crops of the pests.

You can also look into purchasing bats or birds to keep for ridding you of larger pests, and store them in a shelter or aviary when you are not letting them out to catch rats or eat insects. If you do not want to spend money on animals, you can create an environment which they will naturally turn to live in. You will reduce the amount of pesticides used by choosing organic pest control over chemicals.

Final thoughts

Green farming does not have to be a chore. It can be an enjoyable and exciting endeavour with rewarding results. It is simple, natural and an inexpensive way to reduce your farm’s environmental impact and improve your crop yields. Be sure to research any eco-friendly methods you would like to implement to be sure that you understand them completely.

Article Submitted By:
Michelle Jones
a 1 The Crescent, Durbanville.
South Africa.

For EnvironmentGo!

Thursday, 22 March 2018

Tips for livestock farmers during a drought

Farming during a drought is a challenging and stressful time and activity for farmers. It brings about a change in many, if not all, farming processes and calls for innovation and smart farming practices.

Luckily, there are ways for farmers to protect their crops and even their livestock during a drought period.

This article will be focussed specifically on livestock farmers and what they can do to protect these
assets during drought periods.
Start To Save

It pays to be proactive. And in the case of livestock farming in a drought, it pays to save money and
start a “drought fund” before things get incredibly difficult. 

What you need to understand is that the cost of everything will rise during a drought period. 
Water tariffs and livestock feed, for example, will rise in cost and if you don’t have a stack of savings by then, you’ll be forced to cull from your stock or you’ll risk losing them all to drought-related illnesses and conditions.

Another element you can start saving on in the meantime is hay bales.
Having a hay-reserve on-hand will help when it comes to ensuring there is always a source of feed for your livestock.

Also, the price of hay bales is one of the costs that will go up as the drought develops and you would
rather save on that cost and spend the money where it is needed elsewhere.

Create Shaded Areas

Heat stress in your animals is a common reality when drought periods come to visit and there is limited water and loads of sun.

Unfortunately, you can’t install air conditioners in the fields and hope they work to keep your livestock cool.

What you can do is create shaded areas or restrict your herds to areas that already have plenty of shade.
This will prevent heat stroke, exhaustion and stress to some degree.

 It will also be a smart idea to build drought-proof water sites that aren’t in the middle of nowhere where your livestock needs to travel long distances in the heat to get to.

There should also be shaded coverings for these water points as an effort to reduce evaporation and
keep the water drinkable.
Letting them wander by night as opposed to being crowded in a barn can also help the animals deal with heat stress.

Have a restricted area around the barn to allow them the freedom to walk outside for some fresh air and personal space. 

Focus On The Feed

Feed is generally the main problem (aside from water shortage) that arises during a drought. No amount of feed should be wasted by careless distribution and there may come a time when alternative feed sources need to be incorporated. Supplements will need to be given to your livestock to keep them strong, healthy and somewhat drought-resistant. By using a feed mixer you can ensure that nutrients from the feed are equally distributed. Schedule feeding rations and times for your animals to limit the amount of feeding that happens over the drought period as a means of prolonging your feeding supplies.

Manage Your Pastures

Grazing can become a problem in the drought period because there is less or slowed grass growth.
But managing them now will help when the time comes to rejuvenate the pastures after the drought.

A few pasture management tips to consider and implement to maintain both your pastures and
livestock in a drought include:

Daily grazing:  By implementing daily grazing in smaller grazing paddocks (achieved through
fencing), you’ll be allowing pastures a recovery period. Having more cattle in a smaller area will
also encourage them all to eat in competition before all the grass is gone for the day.
That’s why combining herds is another pasture-managing tactic.
It will also lead to less fencing costs and easier budgeting of pasture reserves and allow the
grass enough time to recover.

Remaining stubble:  A good practice to encourage your pastures to keep growing is to leave as
tall grass stubble as possible. Keeping your stubble between 15 and 25cm can protect your soil
by helping it to retain moisture and hold-out for a longer period of time in the drought.
And this can be achieved through daily grazing rotations.

Have a hay-break: If you notice that your pastures are struggling to keep up with the grazing
demands and isn’t growing at a fast enough rate, have a hay-break.
Feeding your livestock hay for a couple weeks will give your pastures a break and allow them
to regrow before the next grazing rotation.

Culling and Destock When Necessary
A reality that many livestock farmers don’t want to face is having to destock and cull their livestock
when the circumstances are absolutely necessary.

Not every livestock asset will be able to adapt to the drought-farming regulations of crowded grazing,
rationed feed and the stress of the heat.

 There will be animals that grow weaker and they should be the first to go when culling considerations are in place. You need to think of your breeding core and not allow other livestock to threaten those core animals that will carry you through the drought and pick your farm back up when it’s over.
But before culling becomes necessary, first consider destocking and selling the assets you can while
they are still viable. Understand that many farmers will be doing the same thing so the profit behind
selling your livestock shouldn’t be a high expectation.

 Drought is a difficult time for many, but mostly for farmers. At the end of the day, there is only so much you can do and then it’s up to hoping for rain and shorter drought-period.

Michelle Jones
1 The Crescent, Durbanville


Monday, 26 February 2018


This is the list of the five most dangerous roads in the world as per my recent online research. 
These roads are indeed an almost-no-go-area for many drivers and travdellers. in as much as they may stand as sites of tourism and site seeeing, it is a nah nah dare for me, I can't try such roads on wheels.

5. The Karakoram Highway, between China and Pakistan

Karakoram Highway, between China and Pakistan
Karakoram Highway, between China and Pakistan.
Named the “Friendship Highway” by the governments who built it. The Karakoram Highway is the highest paved international road in the world. It connects China and Pakistan across the Karakoram mountain range, through the Khunjerab Pass, at an elevation of 4,693 meters. It’s prone to landslides and floods and to make matters worse, the road is unpaved in Pakistan. But it is still a tourist attraction, passing through some spectacular gorges along the old Silk Road. Nearly 900 workers died while constructing the road. What is often referred to as the “eighth wonder of the world.”

4. James Dalton Highway, Alaska

James Dalton Highway, Alaska
James Dalton Highway, Alaska (
The Dalton Highway is a 667 km road in Alaska. It begins at the Elliott Highway, north of Fairbanks, and ends at Deadhorse near the Arctic Ocean and the Prudhoe Bay oil fields. Although appearing serene at first glance, is filled with potholes, small flying rocks carried by fast winds, and worst of all it runs through the middle of nowhere. What makes this one of the most dangerous roads, is its 386 km stretch with no gas stations, restaurants, hotels, or any other basic services.

3. Jalalabad–Kabul Road, Afghanistan

Jalalabad–Kabul Road, Afghanistan
Jalalabad–Kabul Road, Afghanistan.
Many roads have been dubbed “most dangerous,” but the 65-kilometer stretch of highway from Jalalabad to Kabul has more claim than most, snaking through Taliban territory. But it’s not the threat of insurgency that makes Highway so dangerous. It’s a combination of the narrow, winding lanes that climb up to 600 meters through the Kabul gorge and the reckless Afghan drivers trying to overtake the heavily-burdened haulage trucks.

2. North Yungas Road, Bolivia

The North Yungas Highway in Bolivia
The North Yungas Highway in Bolivia.
Also known as the “Road of Death” in the Yungas region of Bolivia. It is legendary for its extreme danger and the Inter-American Development Bank christened it as the “world’s most dangerous road”. One estimate is that 200 to 300 travelers are killed yearly along the road. The road includes cross markings on many of the spots where vehicles have fallen. It is a regular occurrence for buses and trucks to go tumbling to the valley below, especially when they try passing each other.

1. Highway 1 in Florida

most dangerous roads
Highway 1 in Florida (FloridaStock / Shutterstock)
Florida’s Highway 1 is another most dangerous roads in the world. Because of having the highest fatal crash rate, it was recently ranked the most dangerous road in the US. In fact, 1,079 people have died on the road in the last 10 years alone

Sunday, 25 February 2018

List Of Projects That Require EIA

This a prepared list of projects that require EIA before execution and it is instituted under law taht whoever wants to carry out any of these project must do an EIA and present a certificate of completion and approval. Environment lovers don't joke with the health of the environment, EnvironmentGo! loves the Evironment more.

List Of Projects That Require EIA

The need to carry out an EIA comes from European EIA Directive. The directive is given effect though different legislation.

The directive divides projects into 2 different types: Annex I projects and Annex II projects.

Annex I projects
Annex I projects always require an EIA. These include large scale projects with obvious environmental effects, such as:

  • crude oil refineries
  • nuclear generating stations and other nuclear reactors
  • larger scale quarries and open-cast mines.

Annex II projects
Annex II projects will only require EIA if it's decided that the project is likely to have 'significant' environmental effects. There will usually be a threshold to determine if a case by case screening decision is required.

Examples of Annex II projects include:

  • industrial estate development projects (threshold - the area of the development exceeds 0.5 hectare)
  • an electric line installed above ground (threshold - with a voltage of 132 kilovolts or more).
In breaking this down for easier identification, the The list of the project below require EIA generally.

List projects that require EIA

The projects to be subjected to EIA are specified in the Second Schedule of EMCA 1999, and include:
1.   General: –
a)   an activity out of character with its surrounding;
b)   any structure of a scale not in keeping with its surrounding;
c)   major changes in land use.
2.   Urban Development including:-
a)   designation of new townships;
b)   establishment of industrial estates;
c)   establishment or expansion of recreational areas;
d)   establishment or expansion of recreational townships in mountain areas, national parks and game
e)   shopping centres and complexes.
3.   Transportation including –
a)   all major roads;
b)   all roads in scenic, wooded or mountainous areas and wetlands;
c)   railway lines;
d)   airports and airfields;
e)   oil and gas pipelines;
f)    water transport.
4.   Dams, rivers and water resources including –
a)   storage dams, barrages and piers;
b)   river diversions and water transfer between catchments;
c)   flood control schemes;
d)   drilling for the purpose of utilising ground water resources including geothermal energy.
5.   Aerial spraying.
6.   Mining, including quarrying and open-cast extraction of –
a)   precious metals;
b)   gemstones;
c)   metalliferous ores;
d)   coal;
e)   phosphates;
f)    limestone and dolomite;
g)   stone and slate;
h)   aggregates, sand and gravel;
i)    clay;
j)    exploitation for the production of petroleum in any form;
k)   extracting alluvial gold with use of mercury.
7.   Forestry related activities including –
a)   timber harvesting;
b)   clearance of forest areas;
c)   reforestation and afforestation.
8.   Agriculture including –
a)   large-scale agriculture;
b)   use of pesticide;
c)   introduction of new crops and animals;
d)   use of fertilizers;
e)   irrigation.
9.   Processing and manufacturing industries including:-
Chemical discharge
mineral processing, reduction of ores and minerals;
b)   smelting and refining of ores and minerals;
c)   foundries;
d)   brick and earthware manufacture;
e)   cement works and lime processing;
f)    glass works;
g)   fertilizer manufacture or processing;
h)   explosive plants;
i)    oil refineries and petro-chemical works;
j)    tanning and dressing of hides and skins;
k)   abattoirs and meat-processing plants;
l)    chemical works and process plants;
m)  brewing and malting;
n)   bulk grain processing plants;
o)   fish-processing plants;
p)   pulp and paper mills;
q)   food-processing plants
r)    plants for the manufacture or assembly of motor vehicles;
s)   plants for the construction or repair of aircraft or railway equipment;
t)    plants for the manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and sheet-metal containers;
u)   plants for the manufacture of coal briquettes;
v)   plant for manufacturing batteries;
Electrical infrastructure
10. Elect rical infrastructure including –
a)   electricity generation stations;
b)   electrical transmission lines;
c)   electrical sub-stations;
d)   pumped-storage schemes.
11. Management of hydrocarbons including:-
the storage of natural gas and combustible or explosive fuels.
12. Waste disposal including –
a)   sites for hazardous waste disposal;
b)   sewage disposal works;
c)   works involving major atmospheric emissions;
d)   works emitting offensive odours;
e)   sites for solid waste disposal.
13. Natural conservation areas including –
a)   creation of national parks, game reserves and buffer zones;
b)   establishment of wilderness areas;
c)   formulation or modification of forest management policies;
d)   formulation or modification of water catchment management policies;
e)   policies for the management of ecosystems, especially by use of fire;
f)    commercial exploitation of natural fauna and flora;
g)   introduction of alien species of fauna and flora into ecosystems.
14. Nuclear Reactors.
15. Major developments in biotechnology including the introduction and testing of genetically modified organisms.

Saturday, 24 February 2018

Free Scholarships For Nigerians to study in the UK

Dear Environment lovers, we've got a good package for those of you in Africa and in Nigeria mostly. You can apply for these opportunities to study abroad but while you are there, remember to live the life of an environmentalist!

Free Scholarships For Nigerians to study in the UK

1) The University of Sheffield offers a large variety of scholarships in different disciplines for undergraduate and postgraduate students. High grades and excellent English is a must. Applications are now open for the 2018 academic year.
Nigerian students are warmly welcomed to study in this University. The very first student from Nigeria graduated in 1950 and ever since, the University has supported this cooperation.
Check Below To See Which of The 2018/19 Sheffield Scholarship You Are Eligible For.
2) Newcastle University in London offers 40 scholarships for international postgraduate students who have excellent academic score.
Check Below To See Which of The 2018/19 Newcastle University Scholarship You Are Eligible For.
3) The Clarendon Fund offers 140 scholarships for Masters and PhD students at Oxford University.
You can check out all you need to know about Oxford University MBA program here.
You will never misss out on any international scholarship worldwide if you are registered for our free daily updates, this offer is free and you can activate it here by just submitting your email.

I love the natural environment we have, I vow to conserve it.

Saturday, 20 January 2018

Five Scary Environmental Problem And Solutions You Need To Know

Indeed the world in general is depreciating in terms of environmental safety and if nothing is done to rescue this situation then we may put an end to the world by ourselves and not wait for rapture to do so.
These are the five biggest environmental problems of our time and their possible solutions. Lets hook here and work out the needed change.

Environmental Problem And Their Solutions

1. Air pollution and climate change.
Problem: Overloading of the atmosphere and of ocean waters with carbon. Atmospheric CO2 absorbs and re-emits infrared-wavelength radiation, leading to warmer air, soils, and ocean surface waters - which is good: The planet would be frozen solid without this.

Unfortunately, there's now too much carbon in the air. Burning of fossil fuels, deforestation for agriculture, and industrial activities have pushed up atmospheric CO2 concentrations from 280 parts per million (ppm) 200 years ago, to about 400 ppm today. That's an unprecedented rise, in both size and speed and this results to climate disruption.

Solutions: Replace fossil fuels with renewable energy. Reforestation. Reduce emissions from agriculture. Change industrial processes.

The good news is that clean energy is abundant - it just needs to be harvested. Many say a 100 percent renewable-energy future is feasible with existing technology now.

2. Deforestation.

Problem: Species-rich wild forests are being destroyed, especially in the tropics, often to make way for cattle ranching, soybean or palm oil plantations, or other agricultural monocultures.

Solutions: Conserve of what's left of natural forests, and restore degraded areas by replanting with native tree species. This requires strong governance - but many tropical countries are still developing, with increasing populations, uneven rule-of-law, and widespread cronyism and bribery when it comes to allocating land use.

3. Species extinction.

Problem: On land, wild animals are being hunted to extinction for bushmeat, ivory, or "medicinal" products. At sea, huge industrial fishing boats equipped with bottom-trawling or purse-seine nets clean out entire fish populations. The loss and destruction of habitat are also major factors contributing to a wave of extinction.

Solutions: Concerted efforts need to be made to prevent further loss of biodiversity. Protecting and restoring habitats is one side of this - protecting against poaching and wildlife trade is another. This should be done in partnership with locals, so that wildlife conservation is in their social and economic interest.

4. Soil degradation.

Problem: Overgrazing, monoculture planting, erosion, soil compaction, overexposure to pollutants, land-use conversion - there's a long list of ways that soils are being damaged. About 12 million hectares of farmland a year get seriously degraded, according to UN estimates.

Solutions: A wide range of soil conservation and restoration techniques exist, from no-till agriculture to crop rotation to water-retention through terrace-building. Given that food security depends on keeping soils in good condition, we're likely master this challenge in the long run. Whether this will be done in a way equitable to all people around the globe, remains an open question.

5. Overpopulation.

Problem: Human population continues to grow rapidly worldwide. Humanity entered the 20th century with 1.6 billion people; right now, we're about 7.5 billion. Estimates put us at nearly 10 billion by 2050. Growing global populations, combined with growing affluence, is putting ever greater pressure on essential natural resources, like water. Most of the growth is happening on the African continent, and in southern and eastern Asia.

Solutions: Experience has shown that when women are empowered to control their own reproduction, and gain access to education and basic social services, the average number of births per woman drops precipitously.
Done right, networked aid systems could bring women out of extreme poverty, even in countries where state-level governance remains abysmal.

In what ever capacity you can work to achieve these solutions to our current environmental problem, please do.

List Of Environmental Agencies In Nigeria

Hi environment lovers in Nigeria, have you ever thought about knowing the environmental agencies in Nigeria and how they can be of use to you? Here, this is the list of environmental agencies in Nigeria that you should take note of.

List Of Environmental Agencies In Nigeria

List Of Environmental Agencies In Nigeria

Federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA)
Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria (FRIN)
National Biosafety Management Agency (NBMA)
National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA)
National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency (NOSDRA)

The environmental agencies plays significant roles in relation to environmental protection, workplace safety and public health. As an environmentalist you expected to work with these agencies in giving relevant information as regards the safety of the environment in general.

Usually my articles don't use to be too long but in a case where I can't help it, we settle for the best no matter how long. I want to go in details to talk about these environmental agencies in Nigeria for broader understanding of their relevance.

Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria (FRIN)
Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria (FRIN) was established as Federal Department of Forestry Research in 1954. The Institute's Decree 35 of 1973 and order establishing Research Institute of 1977 changed the status of the Department to an institute being supervised by the Federal Ministry of Environment,but the only Research Institute of the Ministry. Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria has 7 specialized research departments (each having various specialized sections),three support departments, eleven outstations spread across all ecologicalzones of the country, three Centers and four ND/HND awarding colleges.

FRIN's mission is to ensure sustainable forest resource management and production, food production/security,forest-based industrial raw material provision, utilization, Bio-diversity conservation, self-employment opportunities and poverty alleviation.

National Biosafety Management Agency (NBMA)
The National Biosafety Management Agency (NBMA) was established by the National Biosafety Management Agency Act 2015, to provide regulatory framework to adequately safe guard human health and the environment from potential adverse effects of modern biotechnology and genetically modified organisms, while harnessing the potentials of modern biotechnology and its derivatives, for the benefit of Nigerians. The Act came into force in April 2015, with the appointment of a Director General and Chief Executive Officer. The UN international agreement known as Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety which Nigeria signed is an environment protocol and it requires members to domesticate the agreement through a law. The Biosafety Act is therefore to domesticate the Protocol and address our National Biosafety requirements.

National Biosafety Management Agency (NBMA) mission is to promote the basic tenets of biosafety as enunciated in the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and enforce Nigeria National Biosafety Management Agency Act 2015 to ensure the safe application and use of products of modern biotechnology.

Prior to the dumping of toxic waste in Koko village, in Delta State, in 1987, Nigeria was ill-equipped to manage serious environmental crisis, as there were no institutional arrangements or mechanisms for environmental protection and enforcement of environmental laws and regulations in the country.

Arising from the Koko toxic waste episode, the Federal Government promulgated the Harmful Waste Decree 42 of 1988, which facilitated the establishment of the Federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA) through Decree 58 of 1988 and 59 (amended) of 1992.

FEPA was then charged with the overall responsibility for environmental management and protection. It is on record that by the establishment of FEPA, Nigeria became the first African country to establish a national institutional mechanism for environmental protection.

You may want to know how NESREA came about and below you have it.
In the wisdom of the Government, FEPA and other relevant Departments in other Ministries were merged to form the Federal Ministry of Environment in 1999, but without an appropriate enabling law on enforcement issues. This situation created a vacuum in the effective enforcement of environmental laws, standards and regulations in the country.

To address this lapse, the Federal Government in line with section 20 of the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, established the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA), a parastatal of the Federal Ministry of Environment. By the NESREA establishment Act 2007, the Federal Environmental Protection Agency Act Cap F 10 LFN 2004 has been repealed.

NESREA's Mission is to inspire personal and collective responsibility in building an environmentally conscious society for the achievement of sustainable development in Nigeria.

National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency (NOSDRA)
NOSDRA was established by the National Assembly of the Federal Republic of Nigeria Act of 2006. It was established with responsibility for preparedness, detection, and response to oil spillages in Nigeria. Its Head office is at 5th floor NAIC House plot 590, zone AO, Central Business District, Abuja. With its zonal offices in Lagos, Akure, Porth-court, Delta, Kaduna, Akwa-Ibom and Bayelsa.

NOSDRA's Mission is to restore and preserve our environment by ensuring best Oil field, storage and transmisiion practices in exploration, production and use of oil in the quest to achieve sustainable development in Nigeria The Federal Government established the National Oil Spill Detection And Response Agency (NOSDRA) as an institutional framework to implement the National Oil Spill Contingency Plan.

As an environmentalist, you can work in any of these places.

Hope to write again soon, see you.

Saturday, 16 December 2017

Effects Of Poor Sanitation On The Environment

You want to know about the effects of poor sanitation on the environment ? That way the armpit smells when you dodge taking your birth, that's the effect of poor body hygiene or poor body management so relate it same way to the environment.

When we fail to sanitize the environment properly, it fires back and we suffer the consequences.

How does sanitation affect the environment ? Inadequate sanitation, particularly in the context of urbanization, allows for sewage or waste to flow directly into streams, rivers, lakes and wetlands, affecting coastal and marine ecosystems, fouling the environment and exposing millions of children to disease, including you.

You are not save by pumping water from a borehole to drink, that water too can get contaminated when we neglect the environment so never act like you don't care!

The absence of adequate sanitation has a serious impact on health and social development, especially for children. This contamination is a major cause of diarrhoea, the second biggest killer of children in developing countries, and leads to other major diseases such as cholera, schistosomiasis, and trachoma.
Does it scare you to here that? Uh, I see. Let it scare you too to pollute the environment, let the change begin with you, start from your little end and watch it spread to the whole world.

Last time I talked about the effect of erosion on the environment and tagged it as natural disaster, it would be bad suffering natural disasters and man-made disasters too by polluting the environment. From your corner, have a rethink.

For those who still passes feces careless in bushes and pathways, you should know that Human excreta have been implicated in the transmission of many infectious diseases including cholera, typhoid, infectious hepatitis, polio, cryptosporidiosis, and ascariasis.
If you must defecate elsewhere rather than a toilet, then dig a hole for your partner and pass it into the hole! ...and make sure you cover it properly.

Effects Of Poor Sanitation On The Environment are just uncountable, just any bad effect of poor environmental sanitation you can think of. Take a look at my own list below.

Effects Of Poor Sanitation On The Environment

  1. Higher disease rate
  2. Higher mortality rate
  3. unavailability of adequate environment for life
I always pledge to keep it short so I don't get you bored, permit me to call it a day here. Will be here with you again tomorrow, let make a day to day thing. It would be best you join our readerbase and I will always come to you personally with my new articles for free.

What Is Environment Sanitation ? See All You Should Know

Free stock photo of nature, sky, clouds, field

What Is Environment Sanitation ? what do you really see as Environment Sanitation ? keeping the environment neat or managing waste properly or some other thing? Hang on as I take you deeper on what Environment Sanitation really means.

What Is Environment Sanitation ? See All You Should Know

According to, Environmental sanitation means the art and science of applying sanitary, biological and physical science principles and knowledge to improve and control the environment and factors therein for the protection of the health and welfare of the public.

That seems to be too much grammar right? I bet you don't like complex definitions of therms, I don't prefer them either. Why not we check out another definition before we go on?

According to environmental sanitation is the act and process of keeping the surrounding clean and safe for human habitation.

I guess that's is a more better definition in therms of simplicity, very short and easy to remember, if not for anything, maybe for examination sake.

But then it is best to have the knowledge of something than to copy lines and quote to pass interviews and exams. If you are truly passionate about the environment you should be fascinated with environmental related studies because it is only in that way that you can help keep the environment save and sustainable.
Lets see some components of environmental sanitation that is necessary to make mention of here.


  1. clean and safe water supply
  2. clean and safe ambient air and vebtilation
  3. efficient and safe waste disposal
  4. protection of food from contaminants
  5. adequate housing in clean and safe surroundings
  6. Proper management of animal reservoirs
In my own words, environmental sanitation involves the sanitary of the environment and should not only be an activity to be carried out but a culture that should be learned and practiced religiously, if we keep the environment neat and save then we too are by far save, so why shouldn't we care?

You can check out environmental pollution here to see the need for sanitation.

You feel like reading more? You can check out my post on effects of environmental pollution.

I care, I hope you too do. Caring about the environment surely entices...
My articles always short you know, watch out, I soon flow again.

See List Of 24 hour animal hospitals Near You

Free stock photo of animal, dog, pet, fur
 24 hour animal hospital
There are many people out there looking for 24 hour animal hospital that they can rely on for emergency animal treatment. Below is the list of some 24 hour animal hospital that you can rely on for your animals health.

See List Of 24 hour animal hospitals Near You

Emergency Vet & Veterinary Service: 24 Hour Animal Hospital
Emergency vet services & animal hospital open 24 hours. Compassionate care. Board certified specialists in Waukesha, Grafton & Racine. Call (262) 542-3241

Veterinary Specialists & Emergency Services
VSES provides veterinary specialists & emergency veterinary care around the clock to pets in Rochester NY & the surrounding area.

Animal Medical Center: 24-Hour Veterinary Care
24 hour vet clinic proudly serving the Midlothian and Richmond Metro area.

Animal Emergency & Specialty - 24-Hour Animal Hospital in Kirkland
Animal Emergency & Specialty is the premier, family-owned 24-hour animal hospital on Seattle's Eastside.

Waldorf Emergency Animal Hospital
Waldorf Emergency Care provides 24 hour emergency animal care for all treatments and animals. 

Animal Emergency Hospital of Mansfield
The Animal Emergency Hospital of Mansfield is ready 24/7 to provide compassionate, high quality care for your pet. Your pet's needs and care are their primary focus.

Avets is a specialty and emergency hospital open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Located in Monroeville, they have served Western Pennsylvania and the tri-state area for over 20 years.

Maine Veterinary Medical Center 
24/7 Emergency Animal Hospital In Scarborough

Jefferson Animal Hospitals
Jefferson Animal Hospital, Outer Loop, is a 24 hour emergency and full service animal hospital in Louisville KY.

I hope this list of 24 hour animal hospital would be of help to you. I shared the hospitals alongside their official websites for easier and more effective communication.