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Water Pollution: It's Time to Use Ecological Detergents

WATER POLLUTION CAUSED BY DETERGENTS
The water pollution caused by detergents is really considerable. Often, perhaps not realizing it, using a little more degreaser, preferring a particularly aggressive detergent, or operating a washing machine at half load, we trigger a reaction that causes considerable stress for our planet.

We write this article precisely to help you understand the impact of detergents on water pollution, as well as to help you pollute less while keeping the environments in which we live and the clothes we wear equally clean.

We will, therefore, talk about water pollution due to the use of detergents, rich in substances that are toxic to humans and the environment, but we will also offer useful advice on how to limit the problem by using ecological detergents.

WATER POLLUTION: DETERGENTS YES, BUT NOT ONLY
Water pollution is a real scourge for the earth and causes serious damage to the marine, river, and lake ecosystem.

Considering that: life comes from water, our body is made up of a large part of water, the basis of our nutrition is given by plants that need continuous irrigation and by the meat or fish that live in water .. we could easily understand why the problem of water pollution caused by detergents requires immediate action by governments, control bodies, and citizens.

Water pollution is not only caused by detergents, but it is also in fact generated by many other factors, such as agricultural and industrial discharges, soil alteration, the practice of throwing solid and liquid waste into water (especially plastic and oil) and by many other factors, however, that have one thing in common: there is always man's hand.

Whether you use the detergent for dishes, floors or clothing, that you discard industrial waste products into the sea, that you use fertilizers and pesticides, or that you deal with the effects of soil pollution and therefore of aquifers, in any case, we are putting the ecosystem, health and survival of mankind at risk.

We must not believe that detergents only disturb the balance of the environment once they are discharged into water from domestic, agricultural, or industrial pipes. Petrolatum, that is, those substances derived from oil processing and present in 99% of the detergents on the market, are in fact dangerous even during the production phase of the detergents themselves.

Let's go in order, and see why detergents contribute to water pollution both when companies take care of their preparation and when individuals use them for their daily activities. To convince you to use environmentally friendly detergents, we will talk first of the production phase and then of the detergent consumption phase.

DETERGENTS THAT POLLUTE THE WATER BEFORE AND DURING PRODUCTION
Immediately we have to deal with the extraction of oil from the subsoil. This operation has a significant impact on the environment, creating devastating effects on the ecosystem and human health.

Collaterally, this activity can cause further damage to waters when ships carrying oil suffer accidents at sea by pouring the contents of their tanks into the oceans. Unfortunately, such incidents occur quite frequently.

Assuming that everything goes well, however, industrial waste associated with the production of detergents is another problem that should not be underestimated.

The production of these detergents uses highly toxic materials and chemicals for the environment, and the residues of these materials can hardly be disposed of without any damage to the ecosystem: all industrial discharges end up underground or on land, in rivers or in seas, more or less legally.

DETERGENTS THAT POLLUTE THE WATER FROM OUR HOMES
The release phase, the one in which the detergent is used and then released back into the environment, is equally harmful.

This practice once again translates into water pollution: the aquifers are contaminated with substances harmful to human health and the environment as soon as these wastes begin to flow from the discharges of our homes, but also due to the slow decomposition of plastic containers, or other components that came into contact with them.

This determines the dangerous eutrophication of drinking and non-drinking water. In fact, thousands of dangerous chemicals are found in drinking water, and most of these, including the famous microplastics, come right from our homes.

WHY DO DETERGENTS POLLUTE?
First of all, because they contain chemicals, surfactants above all, deriving from oil processing. These, as we well know, have a significant impact on the environment both during the extraction phase and when they are dispersed in the waters.

Those in question are non-biodegradable substances which, like the most common fertilizers, are to be recognized as responsible for the eutrophication process of water. This means that the sulfur particles contained in these detergents can feed aquatic plants out of all proportion.

Is this an asset? Obviously not.

The fact that some plant species proliferate beyond measure due to the chemicals present in detergents means that the animals that feed on them do not have the material time to "keep under control" this hyperproduction. This results in a surge in the lake, river, or marine bacterial activity, which is responsible for reducing the amount of oxygen present in the water.

In a nutshell, hyperpigmented microalgae end up making themselves sooner or later responsible for the asphyxiation death of their predators. This event, of course, also affects all other ecosystems, in the long run, causing irreparable damage to the planet.

Sunil Trivedi (Owner of AquaDrinkAquaDrink) says- we must, therefore, imagine water pollution as an environmental catastrophe that has been going on for several decades, which we can at least "try" to remedy by starting to buy ecological detergents.

WHAT ARE THE HARMFUL SUBSTANCES PRESENT IN "NON-ECOLOGICAL" DETERGENTS?
Commercial detergents are a chemical cocktail that is harmful not only in terms of water pollution, but more generally for people, animals, and the environment. Below is a shortlist of the most common harmful chemicals in the composition of detergents:

Chemical surfactants SLS / SLES
Phosphates
Formaldehyde
Bleach
Ammonium sulfate
Dioxane
Optical brighteners / UV brighteners
Quaternary ammonium (Quats)
Nonylphenol ethoxylate (Nonoxynol, NPEs)
Synthetic perfumes and fragrances
Dyes
Benzyl acetate
P-dichlorobenzene / Benzene

HOW TO REDUCE WATER POLLUTION CAUSED BY DETERGENTS
In light of what we have written, it is clear that we should act immediately by purchasing ecological detergents to protect our health and that of the environment.

Increasing the number of deaths and malformed, or condemning humanity to a slow and painful departure, is not a desirable solution. We should therefore resort, and also very quickly, to the purchase of alternative products aimed at cleaning houses, work environments, as well as our clothes.

To be clearer, we can say that any detergent composed even of a minimal part of the surfactants SLES and SLS certainly cannot be classified as ecological.

Both of these substances fall into the group of surfactants derived from petroleum and are those which produce foam once they come into contact with water. These are mainly present in detergents and fabric softeners, and also contain sodium or sulfur particles which, as we have seen, are responsible for the hyperalimentation of microalgae.

BUY ECOLOGICAL DETERGENTS
Responsible shopping! There are 100% natural detergents on the market and as such certified by competent control bodies. These are composed of natural plant-based reagents.

These ecological detergents, perhaps still little known and advertised, guarantee an efficiency equal to that of historical and noble detergents, they are just as fragrant and sometimes even cost less. The suggestion is, therefore, to carefully read the labels of the products we buy weekly at the supermarket, thus starting to make more responsible purchases.

USE GRANDMA'S REMEDIES
Another good suggestion is to resort to the so-called "grandmother's remedies". Do you know that, for example, white vinegar and baking soda can very well replace common fabric softeners without polluting and removing stains, halos, and unpleasant smells? However, these products are also cheaper than commercial detergents.

PREFER BIODEGRADABLE CONTAINERS
As we have said, detergents can also contribute to water pollution through crossways: just think that they are usually contained in plastic bottles. This material, so comfortable and practically impossible to eliminate from our lives, is also a derivative of oil. The suggestion, in this case, is to prefer powder detergents in cardboard boxes, in reusable tin containers, or deriving from the recycling of plastic.

PURCHASE DRAFT DETERGENTS
Many specialty shops offer the possibility to buy detergents and cleaners on tap, and they are usually also environmentally friendly detergents. Just do not throw away the bottles of your old detergents, reusing these containers as much as possible. Reducing plastic consumption and recycling is always a good idea.

NOT ONLY WATER POLLUTION BUT THE HEALTH OF THE PLANET IS ALSO AT RISK
At present, our planet cannot be defined in excellent shape. Particularly worrying is, for example, the state of health of the oceans which, not only are invaded by improper discharges of dangerous chemicals, but are equally contaminated by plastics and microplastics.

As we have read in these few lines, the problem is related to the massive use of plastic and detergents.

The constant use of plastic materials often results in the presence of bottles and falcons in water. These objects end up being ingested by animals killing them and altering the natural balance of their habitat. When they survive, they end up digesting plastic components then absorbed by the man who feeds on these animals.

It may also happen that some species get stuck in waste recklessly thrown into the sea, that they skewer with sharp parts, or that plastic rings like those underneath the caps used for bottles and flasks get stuck in their beaks. The animals are obviously impossible to remove.

In each of the aforementioned cases, the animals are forced to a slow and painful death, and it is something that happens daily. Do we really want to continue ignoring all this out of laziness or out of carelessness?
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Author Bio

Name- Sunil Trivedi
Bio- Sunil Trivedi is the Managing Director of Aqua DrinkAqua Drink. With 15 years of experience in the water purification industry, Sunil and his team have been ensuring that his clients consume 100% potable water to lead a healthy life and keeping water-borne diseases miles away.


Reviewed and published on EnvironmentGo!
By: Favor Ifeoma Chidiebere.

Favor is an undergraduate Environmental Management student at the Federal University of Technology Owerri in Nigeria. She is also currently working remotely as the Chief Operating Officer of Greenera Technologies; a renewable energy enterprise in Nigeria.




Air Pollution could Trigger/ Escalate COVID19 Fatality.

Has it ever crossed your mind that air pollution could increase COVID19 fatality?
Or that improved indoor air quality could in a way keep you safe?

According to a group of German researchers at Martin Luther University in Halle-Wittenberg, the presence of contaminants especially Nitrogen dioxide(NO2) in the atmosphere could speed up COVID19 fatality in an area.

Relationship between air pollution and Coronavirus

According to these German researchers, the spatial analysis was conducted on a regional scale and combined with the number of death cases taken from 66 administrative regions in Italy, Spain, France and Germany.

The results showed that 78% of fatality cases were in five regions located in north Italy and central Spain. Additionally, the same five regions showed the highest NO2 concentrations combined with downwards airflow which prevents an efficient dispersion of air pollution.

These results indicate that the long-term exposure to this pollutant may be one of the most important contributors to fatality caused by the COVID-19 virus in these regions and maybe across the whole world.

COVID-19 is an acute respiratory disease that may lead to pneumonia with symptoms such as fever, cough and dyspnea.  As of April 28, 2020, there have been 2 954 222 confirmed cases and  202 597 deaths reported globally.

 Early studies concluded that the risk factors associated with the development of the disease are older age, history of smoking, hypertension and heart disease. Recent studies also suggest that the cause of death of many COVID-19 patients was related to cytokine storm syndrome.

Cytokine atom syndrome, is also known as hypercytokinemia. It is an uncontrolled release of proinflammatory cytokines and it is a severe reaction of the immune system.

This is simply a research work. Further studies on other locations will either affirm or assert this work. The result might change if the analysis is carried out in areas with low concentration of  air contaminants.

Some other factors could have also contributed to the result of this study. For instance, heavy pollution and quick spread of epidemics are problems associated with high population density.

This means that the high mortality rate recorded in those five regions could have also been due to high population density. Or quite simply because this is where epidemic foci most easily developed because the population densities were high there.

However, it is a known fact that air pollution creates chronic inflammatory reactions in the respiratory and pulmonary systems.

How to Improve Indoor Air Quality in your Home

Having seen possible relationship between the relationship between COCID19 mortality rate and air pollution, one should consider improved air quality as an advantage. Below are tips on how one can improve indoor air quality in the home.
  • Indoor Hygiene: Good hygiene practices such as regular and thorough cleaning of the rooms, windows, air ducts, curtains, cushions and beddings; vacuuming the carpets and rugs using a vacuum cleaner with HEPA filter will improve indoor air quality. For those who own pets and wouldn't want to let go of them, ensure you clean them up always. Pet dander (ie; dead skin cells shed by an animal) contributes to indoor air pollution. Properly brush your pet’s coat regularly before you vacuum carpets and other furnishings.
  • Ventilation: For people living in cities characterized by heavy traffic and industrial activities, one might think it is better to keep the windows and doors closed at all times. Well, it might surprise you to know that this is not always the case. According to the US Environmental Protection Agency, indoor air is often more polluted than outdoor air. Hence regular exchange of air is necessary. Open windows and doors (preferably early in the morning and late in the evening) every day. This makes room for the outflow of polluted air and inflow of cleaner fresh air.
  • Choose Eco-friendly Materials: Your choice of materials ranging from cleaning agents to furniture can influence the quality of air in your home. They may contain asbestos and volatile organic compounds. In replacement of these, natural cleaning agents such as lemon and vinegar that emit zero pollutants can be used. Better choices should be made in the future purchase of furniture.
  • Good Housekeeping Practices: Appliances such as heaters, ovens, boilers, generators should be regularly serviced. Cooking appliances such as gas cookers and stoves should be cleaned. Regular maintenance of these will ensure proper functioning of the devices and reduce their contribution to indoor air pollution.
  • Indoor Humidity Monitoring: A damp dwelling is an ideal environment for the growth of molds and accumulation of other contaminants that can trigger respiratory problems. Indoor humidity should be measured as often as possible. If the humidity in your home is less than 40% or greater than 60%, you should consider frequent ventilating. Dehumidifiers can also be used in the home.
  • Use Cooking Vents: Gas cookers and kerosene stoves release contaminants such as Carbon dioxide CO2 and Nitrogen dioxide NO2 in lower levels as well as other particles that can be readily absorbed into the bloodstream. Open kitchen windows to filter out air.
  • Indoor Plants: Plants are natural air filters. They also release oxygen into the atmosphere. Aside from these features, they provide aesthetic beauty to our homes. Plants like Ferms, Lilies, Bamboo palm, English Ivy, Gerbera Daisy, Mass cane or corn plant, Snake plants, Golden pothos, English ivy, Chinese evergreen and rubber plants can be planted to Improve air quality. However, indoor houseplants should not be over-watered because overly damp soil may promote the growth of microorganisms, according to the US Environmental Protection Agency.

  • Use Air Purifiers: Use air purifiers in parts of the house you frequent. Such as sitting rooms, bedrooms, loo and kitchen. Air purifiers remove stale and contaminated air from the environment thus, improving indoor air quality.
  • Regularly Clean Air Filters: Regularly clean air filters in air conditioners according to the manufacturer's instructions. check the filters in your other household appliances. Your vacuum cleaner, clothes dryer and kitchen vents should all be inspected and maintained periodically. It’s recommended to clean or replace these common household filters every few months.

Author
Sunil Trivedi is the Managing Director of Aqua Drink. With 15 years of experience in the water purification industry, Sunil and his team have been ensuring that his clients consume 100% potable water to lead a healthy life and keeping water-borne diseases miles away.

Reviewed, edited and published on EnvironmentGo!
By: Favor Ifeoma Chidiebere.

Favor is an undergraduate Environmental Management student at the Federal University of Technology Owerri in Nigeria. She is also currently working remotely as the Chief Operating Officer of Greenera Technologies; a renewable energy enterprise in Nigeria.


12 Importance of Natural Resources

There are numerous importance of natural resources and we've carefully listed a number of them here with clear explanation.

It has earlier been stated that natural resources are necessary for the survival and sustenance of life on earth. Imagine the earth bare. Or rather coming into our planet and finding nothing. No air, water, soil, rocks, plants, animals, sun, wind, oceans, minerals, trees, forests, etc.

What could man have done? Where could man have started creating these things from? This is how important these resources are. They form the basis for further development of other resources and services.

importance of natural resources


In reality, there is no country without natural resources. Resources can be owned individually by countries or shared among countries.

Natural resources such as coal, crude oil, rubber, certain floral and fauna species, minerals are indigenous to countries where they are found. They cannot be shared among neighboring countries.

However, resources such as air are shared because the activities in a country can have effect on the air quality of a neighboring country.

In as much as natural resources are important and form the basis for further development, they have to be managed for maximum benefits. Although difficult to believe, it is a fact that the wealth and development of an area does not lie in the abundance of her resources. Rather, the ability of her citizens to harness and properly manage her resources.

This is clear in developing and developed countries. Most developing countries such as Nigeria and Congo are very rich in natural resources. Yet, on the other hand, countries such as Singapore are said to be impoverished in natural resources yet, are developed.

Furthermore, countries such as Saudi Arabia have successfully developed themselves through their natural resources.

To understand the subject matter better, you should care to learn about the classification of natural resources under which every natural resource both known and unknown are classified.

Let us look at some of the numerous awesome benefits of natural resources.

Importance of Natural Resources

  • Natural Capital
  • Energy Supply
  • Food
  • Raw Materials for Industries
  • Medical Value
  • Basis for Further Scientific Studies
  • Shelter
  • Employment Opportunities
  • National Development
  • Ecosystem Services
Natural Capital:  The term 'natural capital' was first used in 1973 by E.F. Schumacher in his book Small Is Beautiful and was developed further by Herman DalyRobert Costanza, and other founders of the science of Ecological Economics.

According to the World Forum on Natural Capital, natural capital is the world's stock of natural resources. They are assets such as soils, waters, air and all living organisms. They are assets that provide us with free materials and essential services.

Energy Supply: Natural resources such as solar radiation, wind, geothermal heat, water, tides, fossil fuels and biomass are used in generating energy.

Food: Humans depend solely on natural resources for food. These food sources are plants, aquatic organisms and other animals. All classes of food nutrients needed by man are provided by nature.

Raw Materials for Industries: The petroleum industry derives her raw material (crude oil) from reservoirs of long deposited fossils. It is not the only industry that relies on natural resources for the supply of raw materials.

The textile industry, construction industry, power sector and food industries utilize natural resources such as hide and skin; natural fibres; minerals; solar radiation; plants and animals for production..

Medical Value: Herbs are used in their raw or modified forms in the medical field to cure ailments and diseases. 80 percent of the world population depends on plants for medicine.

Products isolated from fungi, bacteria, plants and viruses are used as vaccines against certain diseases. Titanium, an element found in ores in the earth's crust is used in prosthetics.  

Basis for Further Scientific Studies: The existence of natural resources forms the basis for further scientific studies. 

Shelter: Timber from trees, cement from limestone, sand and gravel, mud bamboo sticks, metals from ores are all materials used for shelter. These are derived from the earths stock of resources. 

Employment Opportunities: Stages involved in the development of natural resources from raw form to finished products provide employment opportunities. These stages require manual imput and brainstorming. 

For instance, crude oil exploration and production involves the following processes; Drilling, Exploration, Production, Transportation, Refining and Distribution. 

Each of these processes require professionals and a wide range of skill set for smooth running of the industry.

National Development:  For countries that properly manage their natural resources, these resources have contributed greatly to their Gross Domestic Product. Sadly, it is ironic that countries with the most abundant resources are underdeveloped.  

This can be attributed to the high levels of corruption, extortion, and poor governance that accompany resource wealth. 

In order to abate corruption and improve resources among resource-rich countries, Lawson-Remer argues that there is need to improve cooperation among three groups: "capital-exporting countries, international financial institutions, and private sector companies.

Ecosystem Services: Ecosystem services are benefits derived from nature and  the environment. 

These services include supporting services (e.g water cycle, nutrient cycle, soil formation and photosynthesis); regulatory services (e.g pollination, climate regulation and water purification); cultural services (e.g aesthetics) and provision services (e.g food, water and shelter). Natural resources contribute to these services. Oceans as a natural resource are part of the hydrology cycle which is an ecosystem supporting services.

CLASSIFICATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES.

In this article, I have explained natural resources, classification of natural resources and types of natural resources in understandable details with plain English.

The earth is the only planet that has successfully sustained life for many centuries. This might be as a result of the various materials and services the earth has that has made survival possible in it. These materials are able to support the existence of various life forms. These materials are referred to as natural resources.

Classification of Natural Resources
Forest - Natural Resource

What are Natural Resources ?

Natural resources can, therefore, be said to be those materials; known or unknown to man, which have been provided by nature or came into existence through natural processes and are useful for sustenance on earth. In this definition, we are considering.natural resources from the human perspective.

Natural resources are widely distributed across nations. Some have them in abundance while others have a few of them. A good understanding of natural resources makes for proper management of these resources wherever they are found. They are resources because they can be harnessed and used directly, converted into other usable forms or monetarized.

Classification of Natural Resources

Natural resources are classified basically under only three categories. Namely:

  1. Classification based on origin
  2. Classification based on availability.
  3. Classification based on level of development

Classification of Natural Resources Based On Origin.

Here, we have the biotic and abiotic resources.
  • Biotic Resources: The word 'bio' means life. Biotic resources are those natural resources that have life in them snd originate from living organisms. Examples include all species of plants and animals, microorganisms, fossil fuels, etc.
  • Abiotic Resources: These are resources that have no life in them or originate from non-living things. Examples include water, air, soil, rocks, minerals, etc.

Classification of Natural Resources Based On Availability

Here, we have renewable and non-renewable resources.
  • Renewable Resources: These are natural resources that can be replenished. The rate at which they can be replenished exceeds the rate at which they are being used up. Thus, they are always available. Examples include solar energy, water, wind, etc
  • Non-renewable Resources: Resources in this category are limited and can be exhausted. Their formation takes millions of years. Examples include fossil fuels, coal, rare species of organisms.

Classification of Natural Resources Based On Development

Here, we have the potential, reserved, stock and actual resources.
  • Potential Resources: These are resources that are known to exist, have not been quantified and can be used for future use. For instance, wind energy exists in certain areas but have not been used to generate energy.
    Example: Wind, nuclear minerals.
  • Reserved Resources: They are natural resources that have been identified and quantified but have not been harnessed because they are being reserved for future use.
    Example: Rivers.
  • Stock Resources: These are resources that have been discovered, quantified but have not been harnessed due to insufficient technologies.
    Example: Hydrogen.
  • Actual Resources: These are resources that have been discovered, quantified, harnessed and are being used.
    Examples: Crude oil, forest.
This is a concise basic classification of natural resources. All natural resources both known and unknown must fall into one of these classes and subsequently under any of the subclasses.

Natural resources are very important to man and his survival as they serve as a safety net for people of different localities and are a great source of income to nations all over the world. They provide different raw materials for man.

Types of Natural Resources

There is a huge difference between classification of natural resources and types of natural resources and you have to understand this to be able to differentiate between both.

Crude oil, trees, coal, natural gas, forests, rocks, oceans, air, sunlight, soil, etc are typical examples of types of natural resources. Any organic or inorganic material provided by nature which is used by humans is regarded as a natural resource.

Every natural resource type is found under the three main classifications of natural resources,

For example, under classification of natural resources based on development, crude oil is a type of actual resource. This way, every other natural resource you hear of, must fall under one of the classifications. This is the major difference between types of natural resources and classifications of natural resources.

8 Ways To Utilise Vegetables Waste -Environmental Management Approach

Getting your meal portions right is an endless guessing game. When you’re cooking for a family, it’s hard to know how hungry everyone will be, not to mention how much food a new recipe really makes.
Leftovers are inevitable most nights of the week. While they do make excellent lunches the following day, if you have more than you know what to do with, or what to reuse your leftovers to shortcut your way to another meal, then you need to get creative! Be eco-friendly and take care of your environment. Here are some easy ways you can ensure your leftovers never go to waste.

1. Cook Soup
There are not many dishes that couldn’t benefit from a serving of vegetables, but in soup vegetables really shine a second time around. Puree your leftover vegetables into a creamy vegetable soup and heat up over the stove before serving. Don’t forget to season.
2. Last Night Leftover
Consider one day in a week when you will just finish your leftovers only. Instead of wasting vegetable waste. Examine your refrigerator and check all those items that are going to be spoilt in few days then rather than keeping them in refrigerator reheat them and eat again.
Make sure that your leftover day should lie in the middle of the week. Nobody would like to have leftover in the weekend. In case you have just a few leftovers, you can easily adjust them with any other daily meals.
3. Prepare Sandwiches
Check your refrigerator and if you find out some vegetables and roast beef or chicken then rather than serving them again you can prepare some delicious sandwiches with them. Take some mayo and cream, mix them with your leftovers, add a dash of black pepper, also take some corn and spread this mixture between bread slices. You can eat these sandwiches in your lunchtime or serve them as a snack during team time.
4. Smoothie
With fruit leftovers, you can prepare delicious smoothies. check out your refrigerator for those fruits that are going to be spoilt in a few days. Take out them from your fridge and chop them, blend them to make a smoothie. Then add some yogurt and condensed milk in it to enhance its flavors.
If you are a diabetic patient then make sure that there should zero sugar level in your smoothie. Diabetic patients should take all precautions and maintain the right balance of sugar in their body. These patients also wear Diabetic Swellsox if they are suffering from a swollen foot condition. These sox have ideal loose-fitting, therefore it is good for Ideal for Edema Sufferers, Diabetics patients.
5. Compost
Composting can help to use food scraps in an optimum environmeny friendly way, allowing space and oxygen for food to break down effectively. whether you’re living in an apartment or on a lifestyle block, you can have your own at-home compost.
Worms can convert food waste into worm castings and a nutrient-rich liquid, both which act as quality fertilizers. While cooking, keep a big bowl or container near you to toss any stems, peels and other scraps you plan to keep for compost.
6. Make Frittatas
When you have a bit of everything that you don’t want to waste, make frittatas. They thrive on a mix of exciting ingredients to lift its egg base. To make them, line a cupcake tray with wrappers (or you could make a large frittata in a large pan) and mix together eggs with chopped vegetables (like tomato, onion, and spinach) and cooked meats such as ham or roast chicken.
Pour your mixture into the tray and bake until set on the outside but still slightly gooey on the inside. These mini frittatas are perfect treats for your kids’ lunch box.
7. Tasty Patties
Just like pasta, there always seems to be plenty of rice going to waste. The following night, make yours into tasty patties by mixing with canned tuna and vegetable leftovers, and flavor with spices and a marinade sauce of your choosing. Add eggs and breadcrumbs to bind your patties together and pan-fry them.
This recipe also works great with any kind of grain.
8. Prepare A Pie

Another best way to use your vegetable and meat leftovers is to prepare the pie. Take some white sauce or cheese sauce and add it your vegetables and Just open a pastry lid. You can also add some mashed potato to make it tastier.
Article Submitted to EnvironmentGo! By Rihanna Kelly
Reviewed and Published by; Head of Contents Okpara Francis C

Things to keep in mind to design Solar Street Lighting System -Eco-Friendly Technologies


Now the world is going solar to meet the varied lighting needs of the residents and Governments
are also feeling the pulse. Whether it is about fixing the lighting system on the roads, streets,
highways or pathways, the technology in the solar is ready to keep the floats of the solar system
ready. Above all, solar energy is an environmental friendly energy source.

So, what are the different aspects of the solar street lighting system while designing it? But before
understanding the aspects let’s get into its basics:

The solar power system is one of the leading renewable sources of energy that uses solar PV
module that convert sunlight into electricity. The energy that is generated is stored or used directly,
provided into the grid line, conjectured with one or the other source of electricity or different
renewable energy source.

The solar-powered energy is the cleanest energy source best suited for residential, industrial, agricultural and even livestock.

Components used in Solar Street Light System

There are many components available which should be chosen according to your system type, site
locations, and applications. 
However, the main components are solar charge controller, solar panel, battery, inverter, pole, and LED light.

Features of the solar led street light system

PV Module: Its main function is to convert solar light into DC electricity
Battery: It stores solar energy and supplies it whenever there is demand
Load: These are additional electrical appliances that are connected to the solar PV systems like
lights, Wi-Fi, camera, etc.
Solar Charge Controller: It is used as a mechanism to regulate the voltage from the PV Panels and
prevents the battery from overcharging.

To design the system, follow the steps below

Find out the power consumption of the street lights
Before going for the designing part find the total power and energy consumption requirement of
LED lights and other parts, that is supplied by solar power, like Wi-Fi, camera, etc. Calculate the
consumption of solar system by calculating total watt-hours per day that are required from the PV
modules and for each component.

Calculate the size of the solar panel required
As different sizes of the solar panels generate different power, we have to find out the different
peak watt produced required. The peak watt depends on the size of the module and the climate.
You need to calculate the total peak watt rating that is required for PV modules. If more PV modules
are installed, you will get improved performance, if a smaller number of PV modules is used, the system might not work at all, when there are clouds and the life of the battery will also get shortened.

Battery size
Deep Cycle battery is highly recommended for the solar PV modules. These batteries are quickly
recharged and discharged every day and for years. The size of the battery should be big enough to
store sufficient energy for operating the appliances at night and during cloudy days.

Size of the Solar Charge Controller
Solar charge controller is selected that match the voltage of PV array and batteries and then find out
the type of the solar charge controller that you require. Always remember that the solar charge
array has capability to take care of the current from PV array.

Other things that you should keep in mind are

Type of Light Fixtures
• Lumens per Watt of the fixture
• Type of Lamping required
• Light distribution patterns
• B/U/G rating and dark sky requirements
• Fixture bracket arm
• Mounting height

Quantum of Light Required
Find out the area that needs to be illuminated like 2 lanes street etc
Calculate the lighting details like lighting on the street should be .3-foot candle with lighting
uniformity under 10:1.

Always remember not to mention the lighting requirement according to the equivalency as you can
land up in finding out many different interpretations. This is also a case with foot candle
specification as it is a quantified measurement of light.

Light Pole
Find the type of pole that is required like anchor base pole, direct burial, steel, aluminium, concrete,
etc. The pole must be heavy enough to support the weight and EPA of the particular solar power
lighting system.

With these designs and performance parameters if incorporated will help buyer attain high equality
solar power lighting system and that too at the appropriate price.

Summary: For installation of the solar street light system it needs to be designed and many
parameters framed. This article should help decipher to the important things that we should keep in mind for designing, like the components which are used, size of the battery and others.

Author's Note: Sam here, working as a freelance writer with an active interest in various lighting products. I went through your website and read several blogs and I feel they touch the realm of my work and expertise.

I’ve noticed articles on solar led street light are particularly popular these days and solar street
lights are highly beneficial in terms of energy efficiency, environmental impact and saving money on electric bills.

Article Written BySam Vshisht
For
EnvironmentGO!
Author's Twitter Profile: https://twitter.com/Samvshisht

Reviewed and Published on EnvironmenGo!
By
Head of Contents,



Importance of Eco Education in Schools | Eco-friendly

Among the agendas that share similar interest among agencies, governments, and parastatals, carbon footprint reduction to combat adverse climatic changes ranks top of the list. With the increased environmental awareness indicated in the 21st century, public participation has gradually improved over the years.

Among the contributors to carbon waste; however, educational institutions hold a significant share with 9.4 m tonnes of greenhouse gases emitted annually. Given the massive amount of emissions, student involvement is only necessary to help boost the drive to reduce greenhouse gases.

Apart from nurturing eco-aware kids, eco-education helps manage resources efficiently and instills creative thinking in kids. To ensure that you identify the beneficial aspect of eco-education, here are some of the benefits kids rip from eco-education. Paper editing services ought to come in handy to maximize the traffic and create content that kids find compelling.

1. Breaking classroom monotony

Unlike multiple subjects, eco-education requires kids to engage in various fieldwork activity, thus breaking the monotony of indoor exercise. During student eco-awareness activities, they learn social skills, virtualize concepts they learned theoretically in class, and nurture their social skills.

2. Improving overall student performance

Since environmental education in schools engages students in activities first hand, they retain information even more and perform extraordinarily in tests. Additionally, creativity is heightened in students, which makes them relate various facts easily, thus providing concrete examples and arguments.
Among the reasons, eco-literacy for students boosts performance is due to play and experimentation, which is better for imparting knowledge as opposed to in-class education.

3. Nurturing leadership skills in kids

Among the significant benefits of eco-education in schools is that it emphasizes cooperative learning, critical thinking, and discussion with others.

Additionally, students partake in group activities which boost tolerance and understanding of each student’s capabilities, which are essential leadership qualities.

When engaging in activity, students come up with action strategies relating to real-world applications, thus boosting their social and dialogue skills.

4. Saving money and resources

By adopting eco-friendly measures in school operations, funds are put into efficient and materials reused where applicable, thus reducing wastage. As a result, the cost of service is decreased equivalently with proper resource management, thus setting aside surplus cash for other operations.

For instance, energy-efficient appliances and lesser food wastage save a substantial amount of money for institutions, which increases profit margins and allows for increased investments.

5. Instilling healthy nutritional culture in kids

With eco-education, students are taught how to eat properly, which helps keep their health in check.

Unlike their counterparts, eco-friendly foods are rich in protein and nutrients; therefore, proper growth in kids.

Among the common eco-friendly foods include; garden peas, beans, potatoes, oranges, broccoli, onions, apples, pears, and small fishes. As a result of going green, students quit poor eating habits, thus taking charge of their dietary health and realizing proper fitness.

6. Proper litter management in schools and communities

A major issue in schools is the poor management of waste and improper waste disposal, which often results in blockage of systems and environmental pollution. By teaching eco-friendliness to students, they act aware of their surroundings, thus maintaining clean surroundings and keeping the environment clean.

To curb the ever-increasing carbon footprints and greenhouse gas emission, indulging the rising generation is critical. By indulging students, they grow aware of the environment, thus finding solutions to threatening operations and curbing the gas emissions.

About the author .
 Sebastian Miller is a former Calling Lake School science teacher. After 4 years of teaching, he decided to become a freelance writer. In Sebastian’s opinion, math is the core of all science and his goal is to enlighten as many scholars as possible through writing.

Reviewed and Published By; 
Head of Contents 
Okpara Francis C.

Current Environment Problems That Our World Is Facing ';

The earth is the gossamer that binds all forms of life together, and the environment is where we
all meet.
The environment molds the physical form habituating on the earth, and it is the very
reason behind our existence.

The earth was once a beautiful place with all its forests, meadows and rivulets. However, that was before human interference brought doom to their abode. Trust me when I say this – if we continue to inflict wounds on our environment like this, and if we do not take hints, the world will experience its apocalypse even before Thanos comes flashing his gauntlet.

Owing to evolution’s gift of intelligence to the Homo sapiens, I feel that every earthling has an
obligation to ensure the safety of the home planet. You and I may seem a modicum in this
mammoth world, but always remember, “It is the little drops of water and the little drops of sand
that make the ocean.”


8 Major Environmental Problems that Earth faces Today


Earth is poised at the brink of a severe environmental crisis, and we have collectively abetted in
making our planet vulnerable to disasters and tragedies. Here are the biggest environmental
threats that we should be concerned about.

1. To breathe or not to breathe

Thanks to the urban sprawl and technological evolution, the environment around us is getting poisonous by the minute.

With vegetative covers being pushed back to make space for industrial units and urban lifestyle, the smoke emitting from the factories and fuel fumes are degrading the quality of the air as I write this. Industrial use of nitrates and plastic also add on to the issue of air pollution.

It just isn’t the air we breathe that we should be worried about.

The day is near when clean drinking water will soon be a luxury that only a few will be able to afford. Urban runoff, acids and chemicals from pesticides seeping into water bodies pose a major threat to human health. Urban crawling has also led to land degradation, thus destroying floral and faunal ecosystems in the process.

2. Too hot to handle

Global warming is a more severe issue than all the lessons that you have learnt in your
assignment.

Today, it has become the greatest threat to the globe. As our planet warms up, the rising temperature and melting snowcaps keep on altering the environment. Owing to human practices like emissions of greenhouse gases, global warming has led to a considerable rise in the temperature of the earth’s surface and the sea level since the 20 th century.

Although the repercussions of global warming have not been too alarming except for a few
ecosystems to go extinct, the day isn’t far when unnatural patterns of precipitation would cause a
total wipeout. It could lead to excessive snow, flash floods or desertification – any of which isn’t
really supportive of life.

3. Filled to the brim

If Earth was a person, the chances are likely that she (like me) would be suffering from
claustrophobia by now.

As the population reaches an unsustainable level, human beings should be ready to face a shortage of their primary needs like food, water, and shelter. Countries like China and India are already straining to feed every mouth and put a roof over every head due to a severe scourge of population explosion.

Due to overpopulation, we have resorted to pushing back the forest cover, making the wildlife lose their habitat. What was once filled with copses of oaks and ferns is now being replaced by factories and agricultural stretches.

Going against the course of nature, we are causing several biological races to wither with
nowhere to go. To feed every mouth, we are also overhunting and overfishing. This is how we
are actively participating in the decimation of several species.

4. Spend more than what you earn

The root of this problem would again be the population boom. The more people inhabiting the
earth, the more is the consumption of fuels for cars and gases for cooking. As a result, there has been a dangerous rise in the consumption of fossil fuels.

To supply adequate food for people, farmers are over-farming on stretches of agricultural lands (resulting in the degradation of soil quality). This is the primary cause behind the sudden spurt in the area covered by barren lands.

Although people are making efforts to trap energy from solar, wind and biogas sources, the cost
of installing infrastructure has been quite a hindrance in recent years.

5. Plastics - the man-made foe of earthlings

What once was meant to make our lives easy has backfired and how! A few days back, I came
across this post about a turtle that had a plastic straw stuck up its nostril and how it had to bleed
while a human screwed it out. The creation of plastics has escalated to a major global crisis of
waste disposal.

Can you even imagine the amount of waste generated in total when you consider the number of
households? Add to that, the lack of a proper waste disposal method has made things worse. As a
result, most plastic wastes are going into the oceans and clogging marine ecosystems.

6. A loss beyond repair

As the most intelligent form of life on earth, humans should be the ones protecting weaker
ecosystems. Sitting at the throne of the food chain, human exploitation has led to the extinction
of species and lead to the loss of biodiversity.

With no place to live and no food to eat, the population of several species is decimating. From mink fur coats to crocodile hide handbags, humans have weird tastes and preferences.

Their luxuries have cost mother earth to lose out on the survival of many ecosystems. And it is not just animals, the growing population has also claimed our forests.

Did you know that every year the area of tree cover lost is equal to the area of the country Panama? You can very well imagine what could possibly happen if this continues for another ten years.

7. No security blanket

As I write, the hole in the ozone layer increases (thanks to our inseparable love for CFC’s). With
the security blanket gone, there will be nothing to protect us from the sun’s harmful rays in
another few years.

Did you know that the biggest hole in the Ozone layer is right above the Antarctic? Now imagine the polar caps melting (which has started, FYI) leading to an alarming increase in the sea level.

Moreover, with the UV rays now free to come in, we will be the first life form to be affected. No wonder why the World Cancer Research Fund has recorded a considerable increase in the number of people affected by skin cancer since the 1990s.

8. Rise of the Mutants

In the words of Stan Lee, “With great power comes great responsibility.” We humans have
always been arbitrary when it comes to using power, and defying nature has been our favorite
way of exercising power.

We have modified several species (most of them are plants and legumes) by using biotechnological engineering. As a result, the food we consume has increased levels of toxins.

Moreover, genetically modified produce has altered environmental patterns and has the potential to wreak havoc in the environment we live in.

What can we do?

The need for change is growing. If we fail to improve our actions, then there will be no future to
look forward to.

It is time for us to understand that one day’s contribution towards a degraded planet can take years of recuperation. We need to act like responsible earthlings.

We need to raise awareness in the lowest levels and contribute to achieve a more environmentally conscious earth to live in. Let us all go organic. Let us start with banning plastics. Switch to pool cars and use CNG only.

Our continuous quest to make lives easier has taken a toll on the environment and it is time that
we stop our practices.

We cannot risk melting ice caps, deforestation, and extinction of species.

The only way to atone for our sins would be to change our behavior, both individually and
globally. The earth is in a crisis. We need to consume less and conserve more. To avoid the
approaching apocalypse, we need to change our selfish ways to heal the world and make it a
better place for every form of life.

Author Bio: Gracie Anderson is an environmentalist who is associated with MyAssignmenthelp
through which she extends CPM Homework help to students pursuing environmental science.
She is also an environmental activist and an active blogger.

Reviewed and Posted on EnvironmentGO! by;
Okpara Francis Chinedu
Head of Contents,
EnvironmentGo.com

Protection and sustainability of the environment is a collective duty, we all shouldn't act like we don't care, everyone has a role to play and EnvironmentGo is here to represent your voice online.

Let's put hands together to save the environment.

The Ecological and Environment Advantages of Cash Over Digital money

Digital money prevails in our world, and this implicitly, but strongly, affects the environment. At the same time, there is a much more environmentally friendly alternative to electronic payments, and this is cash. It wins from the relatively low energy consumption of the production process and eco-friendly materials.

shot: eco friendly beauty

What is the most environmentally friendly payment method? No one has yet conducted a full-scale study that would compare environmental benefits of cash and cashless payments, but there are several facts that we tried to put together.

Banknotes and digital money have the same meaning but are of different origin. Paper money is printed at special enterprises that use raw materials, labor, and other industrial factors, and electronic payments are only possible thanks to the Internet, extensive network of computers and other equipment. Unlike cash, the latter mainly consume electricity. So, which industry consumes more energy and pollutes more?  

Let’s look at cash first. Here, for example, one of the most common currencies in the world, the euro. In 2003, approximately 3 billion euro banknotes were printed. In the same year, the European Central Bank conducted a study in which it found out that there were just about eight banknotes per each European for a whole year.
The annual environmental effect of these bills, including production and extraction of raw materials, printing, storage, transportation and disposal, was equal to only one 60W light bulb that each of these citizens left on for 12 hours.

And what about digital money? Data centers alone, without which the cashless payments industry cannot exist, consume 10% of the total world energy consumption. This is more than a couple of power plants produce in a whole year.

The number of non-cash transactions is growing. If we multiply the figures on energy consumption by the increased number of transactions, we will see that the future guarantees us a higher burden on the energy industry, and accordingly, on the environment. Part of this load could have been eliminated if electronic payments were at least partially replaced by less energy-intensive cash.

In addition, recycling and recovery of materials play a big role. As for cash, the cash recycling process is handled by central banks. They receive most of the unfit banknotes, and then send the money for recycling. For example, the Central Bank of England makes fertilizers from old paper notes, and turns old plastic banknotes into plant pots and storage boxes.

Other countries have similar practices. For instance, Reserve Bank of Australia recycles old plastic bills into pellets that can be used for producing building components, plumbing fittings, compost bins and other household and industrial products. And the Bank of Japan even makes toilet paper out of worn-out bills.

This approach stems from the long-standing mandatory requirement of recycling bills according to particular standards. It is impossible to get rid of old and unsuitable banknotes by simply throwing them away - in this case, counterfeiters can get them and use the old money for illegal purposes. Disposal of worn out bills is a long-term practice, and it has become greener along with the general growth of environmental trends.

Some banks, such as Bank Negara Malaysia, even put secondhand bills, that were deposited in the bank earlier, back in use. “Up to 74% of the banknotes that we will issue this Hari Raya [national holidays] will be fit banknotes, compared to when we first started, when the figure was very low, around 13%, said the bank’s Currency Management and Operation Department director Azman Mat Ali.

But how does this process occur in a cashless society? As mentioned above, cashless society mainly consumes electricity. At the same time, the share of renewable materials in the global electricity production is only 8.4 percent, that is, more than 90% of energy can no longer be recovered.

The situation with plastic cards - another integral part of a cashless society - is even more difficult. First, they are not as easy to collect as cash. We bring torn and soiled banknotes to the bank, hoping to receive an equivalent bill in exchange.

However, most old bank cards simply end up in trash, because they don’t store money, but the bank account does. Also, many plastic cards are made of polyvinyl chloride (PVC), which is cheap but practically impossible to recycle.

And even after the plastic reaches the recycling plants, it is not so easy to get rid of it as toxic substances leak into water, soil and even air. “PVC contaminates humans and the environment throughout its lifecycle during its production, use and disposal, says Greenpeace.

While all plastics pose serious threats to human health and the environment, few consumers realize that PVC is the single most environmentally damaging of all plastics.”

All in all, digital money is a complex system that includes many participants. However, it pays too little attention to environmental issues, and this situation is unlikely to improve in the near future. At the same time, the cashless finances have already begun to have a negative impact on the environment, and unless we do something, we may end up buried in thrash – literally.

Article written by 

Edward Lawrence.

Edward is an independant environmental consultant helping small to medium-sized companies to make the ecological transition to a lower carbon footprint.

Officially submitted to EnvironmentGo!.
Published byOkpara FrancisHead of contents.

HOW TO CURB THE CONTINUOUS ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION AS A RESULT OF OIL POLLUTION

ABSTRACT
Due to oil exploration and other human activities, there is evidence of environmental degradation all over the area.

Discovered over five decades ago, oil became and has remained the backbone of the Nigerian economy, accounting for over 90% of the country’s foreign exchange revenue. Today however, the environment is heavily defaced as a result of crude oil spillages during exploitation and transportation and oil leakages from obsolete pipelines with delayed remediation processes.

Environmental degradation is occasioned by consistent flow of industrial waste, oil spills, gas flares, fire disaster, acid rain, flooding, erosion, etc., which has led to the pollution of farmlands and fishponds. It has also led to the destruction of properties and human lives, including aquatic and bio-diversity.

An Oil-Spillage polluted environment


INTRODUCTION
Oil spill is categorized into four groups: minor, medium, major and disaster.

The minor spill takes place when the oil discharge is less than 25 barrels in inland waters or less than 250 barrels on land, offshore or coastal waters that does not pose a threat to the public health or welfare. In the case of the medium, the spill must be 250 barrels or less in the inland water or 250 to 2,500 barrels on land, offshore and coastal water while for the major spill, and the discharge to the inland waters is more than 250 barrels on land, offshore or coastal waters.

The “disaster” refers to any uncontrolled well blowout, pipeline rupture or storage tank failure which poses an imminent threat to the publichealth or welfare.

In Nigeria, 50% of oil spills are due to corrosion; 28% to sabotage; and 21% to oil production. Only 1% is due to engineering drills, inability to effectively control wells, machine failures and inadequate care in loading and unloading oil vessels.

The effect of oil resource extraction on the environment has been very glaring in terms of its negative effect. Oil exploration and exploitation has impacted disastrously on the socio-physical environment of the oil-bearing communities, massively threatening the subsistent peasant economy and the environment and hence, the entire livelihood and basic survival of the people.

Similarly, oil prospecting and exploitation processes pollute underground water. The amount of deprivation and damages the Multinational companies which are into crude oil explorations have caused in most of these communities are numerous.
Notable among them include pollution, environmental degradation leading to low agricultural yield, destruction of aquatic lives, home displacement, etc. therefore it is imperative that we try to control and if possible, totally eliminate the environmentally negative effect of oil pollution.


This is a full technical report on HOW TO CURB THE CONTINUOUS ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION AS A RESULT OF OIL POLLUTION written by a young Environmental Technologist/Scientist, Onwukwe Victory Uzoma from the Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria.

To view the full report on PDF format, click the blue link above or subsequently, CLICK HERE.

Officially Submitted to EnvironmentGo! 
Approved by: Head Of Contents
Okpara Francis Chinedu