Breath The Freshness Of A Good Environment

Living in a save environment is leaving fresh and green, it is best developement mankind can attain.

Form A Round Opening With Your Thumb And A Finger

Look through the whole and imagine what Environment Go! Imagines of a totally green environment, Awesome Imagination.

How Does It Feel To Lie On A Save Green Lawn Thanking God For Nature?

To Environment Go!, It feels perfect and breath-taking.

Saturday, 20 January 2018

Five Scary Environmental Problem And Solutions You Need To Know

Indeed the world in general is depreciating in terms of environmental safety and if nothing is done to rescue this situation then we may put an end to the world by ourselves and not wait for rapture to do so.
These are the five biggest environmental problems of our time and their possible solutions. Lets hook here and work out the needed change.


Environmental Problem And Their Solutions

1. Air pollution and climate change.
Problem: Overloading of the atmosphere and of ocean waters with carbon. Atmospheric CO2 absorbs and re-emits infrared-wavelength radiation, leading to warmer air, soils, and ocean surface waters - which is good: The planet would be frozen solid without this.

Unfortunately, there's now too much carbon in the air. Burning of fossil fuels, deforestation for agriculture, and industrial activities have pushed up atmospheric CO2 concentrations from 280 parts per million (ppm) 200 years ago, to about 400 ppm today. That's an unprecedented rise, in both size and speed and this results to climate disruption.

Solutions: Replace fossil fuels with renewable energy. Reforestation. Reduce emissions from agriculture. Change industrial processes.

The good news is that clean energy is abundant - it just needs to be harvested. Many say a 100 percent renewable-energy future is feasible with existing technology now.

2. Deforestation.

Problem: Species-rich wild forests are being destroyed, especially in the tropics, often to make way for cattle ranching, soybean or palm oil plantations, or other agricultural monocultures.

Solutions: Conserve of what's left of natural forests, and restore degraded areas by replanting with native tree species. This requires strong governance - but many tropical countries are still developing, with increasing populations, uneven rule-of-law, and widespread cronyism and bribery when it comes to allocating land use.

3. Species extinction.

Problem: On land, wild animals are being hunted to extinction for bushmeat, ivory, or "medicinal" products. At sea, huge industrial fishing boats equipped with bottom-trawling or purse-seine nets clean out entire fish populations. The loss and destruction of habitat are also major factors contributing to a wave of extinction.

Solutions: Concerted efforts need to be made to prevent further loss of biodiversity. Protecting and restoring habitats is one side of this - protecting against poaching and wildlife trade is another. This should be done in partnership with locals, so that wildlife conservation is in their social and economic interest.

4. Soil degradation.

Problem: Overgrazing, monoculture planting, erosion, soil compaction, overexposure to pollutants, land-use conversion - there's a long list of ways that soils are being damaged. About 12 million hectares of farmland a year get seriously degraded, according to UN estimates.

Solutions: A wide range of soil conservation and restoration techniques exist, from no-till agriculture to crop rotation to water-retention through terrace-building. Given that food security depends on keeping soils in good condition, we're likely master this challenge in the long run. Whether this will be done in a way equitable to all people around the globe, remains an open question.

5. Overpopulation.

Problem: Human population continues to grow rapidly worldwide. Humanity entered the 20th century with 1.6 billion people; right now, we're about 7.5 billion. Estimates put us at nearly 10 billion by 2050. Growing global populations, combined with growing affluence, is putting ever greater pressure on essential natural resources, like water. Most of the growth is happening on the African continent, and in southern and eastern Asia.

Solutions: Experience has shown that when women are empowered to control their own reproduction, and gain access to education and basic social services, the average number of births per woman drops precipitously.
Done right, networked aid systems could bring women out of extreme poverty, even in countries where state-level governance remains abysmal.

In what ever capacity you can work to achieve these solutions to our current environmental problem, please do.

List Of Environmental Agencies In Nigeria -Updated list

Hi environment lovers in Nigeria, have you ever thought about knowing the environmental agencies in Nigeria and how they can be of use to you? Here, this is the list of environmental agencies in Nigeria that you should take note of.

List Of Environmental Agencies In Nigeria

List Of Environmental Agencies In Nigeria

Federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA)
Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria (FRIN)
National Biosafety Management Agency (NBMA)
National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA)
National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency (NOSDRA)

The environmental agencies plays significant roles in relation to environmental protection, workplace safety and public health. As an environmentalist you expected to work with these agencies in giving relevant information as regards the safety of the environment in general.

Usually my articles don't use to be too long but in a case where I can't help it, we settle for the best no matter how long. I want to go in details to talk about these environmental agencies in Nigeria for broader understanding of their relevance.

ALSO READ: HOW TO GET CLIMATE JUSTICE SCHOLARSHIP FOR TO STUDY ENVIRONMENTAL RELATED COURSES

Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria (FRIN)
Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria (FRIN) was established as Federal Department of Forestry Research in 1954. The Institute's Decree 35 of 1973 and order establishing Research Institute of 1977 changed the status of the Department to an institute being supervised by the Federal Ministry of Environment,but the only Research Institute of the Ministry. Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria has 7 specialized research departments (each having various specialized sections),three support departments, eleven outstations spread across all ecologicalzones of the country, three Centers and four ND/HND awarding colleges.

FRIN's mission is to ensure sustainable forest resource management and production, food production/security,forest-based industrial raw material provision, utilization, Bio-diversity conservation, self-employment opportunities and poverty alleviation.

National Biosafety Management Agency (NBMA)
The National Biosafety Management Agency (NBMA) was established by the National Biosafety Management Agency Act 2015, to provide regulatory framework to adequately safe guard human health and the environment from potential adverse effects of modern biotechnology and genetically modified organisms, while harnessing the potentials of modern biotechnology and its derivatives, for the benefit of Nigerians. The Act came into force in April 2015, with the appointment of a Director General and Chief Executive Officer. The UN international agreement known as Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety which Nigeria signed is an environment protocol and it requires members to domesticate the agreement through a law. The Biosafety Act is therefore to domesticate the Protocol and address our National Biosafety requirements.

National Biosafety Management Agency (NBMA) mission is to promote the basic tenets of biosafety as enunciated in the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and enforce Nigeria National Biosafety Management Agency Act 2015 to ensure the safe application and use of products of modern biotechnology.

FEPA and  NESREA
Prior to the dumping of toxic waste in Koko village, in Delta State, in 1987, Nigeria was ill-equipped to manage serious environmental crisis, as there were no institutional arrangements or mechanisms for environmental protection and enforcement of environmental laws and regulations in the country.

Arising from the Koko toxic waste episode, the Federal Government promulgated the Harmful Waste Decree 42 of 1988, which facilitated the establishment of the Federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA) through Decree 58 of 1988 and 59 (amended) of 1992.

ALSO READ: List of projects that require Environmental Impact Assesment (EIA)

FEPA was then charged with the overall responsibility for environmental management and protection. It is on record that by the establishment of FEPA, Nigeria became the first African country to establish a national institutional mechanism for environmental protection.

You may want to know how NESREA came about and below you have it.
In the wisdom of the Government, FEPA and other relevant Departments in other Ministries were merged to form the Federal Ministry of Environment in 1999, but without an appropriate enabling law on enforcement issues. This situation created a vacuum in the effective enforcement of environmental laws, standards and regulations in the country.

To address this lapse, the Federal Government in line with section 20 of the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, established the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA), a parastatal of the Federal Ministry of Environment. By the NESREA establishment Act 2007, the Federal Environmental Protection Agency Act Cap F 10 LFN 2004 has been repealed.

NESREA's Mission is to inspire personal and collective responsibility in building an environmentally conscious society for the achievement of sustainable development in Nigeria.

National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency (NOSDRA)
NOSDRA was established by the National Assembly of the Federal Republic of Nigeria Act of 2006. It was established with responsibility for preparedness, detection, and response to oil spillages in Nigeria. Its Head office is at 5th floor NAIC House plot 590, zone AO, Central Business District, Abuja. With its zonal offices in Lagos, Akure, Porth-court, Delta, Kaduna, Akwa-Ibom and Bayelsa.

NOSDRA's Mission is to restore and preserve our environment by ensuring best Oil field, storage and transmisiion practices in exploration, production and use of oil in the quest to achieve sustainable development in Nigeria The Federal Government established the National Oil Spill Detection And Response Agency (NOSDRA) as an institutional framework to implement the National Oil Spill Contingency Plan.

As an environmentalist, you can work in any of these places.

Hope to write again soon, see you.