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Sunday, 28 April 2019

Current Environment Problems That Our World Is Facing ';

The earth is the gossamer that binds all forms of life together, and the environment is where we
all meet.
The environment molds the physical form habituating on the earth, and it is the very
reason behind our existence.

The earth was once a beautiful place with all its forests, meadows and rivulets. However, that was before human interference brought doom to their abode. Trust me when I say this – if we continue to inflict wounds on our environment like this, and if we do not take hints, the world will experience its apocalypse even before Thanos comes flashing his gauntlet.

Owing to evolution’s gift of intelligence to the Homo sapiens, I feel that every earthling has an
obligation to ensure the safety of the home planet. You and I may seem a modicum in this
mammoth world, but always remember, “It is the little drops of water and the little drops of sand
that make the ocean.”


8 Major Environmental Problems that Earth faces Today


Earth is poised at the brink of a severe environmental crisis, and we have collectively abetted in
making our planet vulnerable to disasters and tragedies. Here are the biggest environmental
threats that we should be concerned about.

1. To breathe or not to breathe

Thanks to the urban sprawl and technological evolution, the environment around us is getting poisonous by the minute.

With vegetative covers being pushed back to make space for industrial units and urban lifestyle, the smoke emitting from the factories and fuel fumes are degrading the quality of the air as I write this. Industrial use of nitrates and plastic also add on to the issue of air pollution.

It just isn’t the air we breathe that we should be worried about.

The day is near when clean drinking water will soon be a luxury that only a few will be able to afford. Urban runoff, acids and chemicals from pesticides seeping into water bodies pose a major threat to human health. Urban crawling has also led to land degradation, thus destroying floral and faunal ecosystems in the process.

2. Too hot to handle

Global warming is a more severe issue than all the lessons that you have learnt in your
assignment.

Today, it has become the greatest threat to the globe. As our planet warms up, the rising temperature and melting snowcaps keep on altering the environment. Owing to human practices like emissions of greenhouse gases, global warming has led to a considerable rise in the temperature of the earth’s surface and the sea level since the 20 th century.

Although the repercussions of global warming have not been too alarming except for a few
ecosystems to go extinct, the day isn’t far when unnatural patterns of precipitation would cause a
total wipeout. It could lead to excessive snow, flash floods or desertification – any of which isn’t
really supportive of life.

3. Filled to the brim

If Earth was a person, the chances are likely that she (like me) would be suffering from
claustrophobia by now.

As the population reaches an unsustainable level, human beings should be ready to face a shortage of their primary needs like food, water, and shelter. Countries like China and India are already straining to feed every mouth and put a roof over every head due to a severe scourge of population explosion.

Due to overpopulation, we have resorted to pushing back the forest cover, making the wildlife lose their habitat. What was once filled with copses of oaks and ferns is now being replaced by factories and agricultural stretches.

Going against the course of nature, we are causing several biological races to wither with
nowhere to go. To feed every mouth, we are also overhunting and overfishing. This is how we
are actively participating in the decimation of several species.

4. Spend more than what you earn

The root of this problem would again be the population boom. The more people inhabiting the
earth, the more is the consumption of fuels for cars and gases for cooking. As a result, there has been a dangerous rise in the consumption of fossil fuels.

To supply adequate food for people, farmers are over-farming on stretches of agricultural lands (resulting in the degradation of soil quality). This is the primary cause behind the sudden spurt in the area covered by barren lands.

Although people are making efforts to trap energy from solar, wind and biogas sources, the cost
of installing infrastructure has been quite a hindrance in recent years.

5. Plastics - the man-made foe of earthlings

What once was meant to make our lives easy has backfired and how! A few days back, I came
across this post about a turtle that had a plastic straw stuck up its nostril and how it had to bleed
while a human screwed it out. The creation of plastics has escalated to a major global crisis of
waste disposal.

Can you even imagine the amount of waste generated in total when you consider the number of
households? Add to that, the lack of a proper waste disposal method has made things worse. As a
result, most plastic wastes are going into the oceans and clogging marine ecosystems.

6. A loss beyond repair

As the most intelligent form of life on earth, humans should be the ones protecting weaker
ecosystems. Sitting at the throne of the food chain, human exploitation has led to the extinction
of species and lead to the loss of biodiversity.

With no place to live and no food to eat, the population of several species is decimating. From mink fur coats to crocodile hide handbags, humans have weird tastes and preferences.

Their luxuries have cost mother earth to lose out on the survival of many ecosystems. And it is not just animals, the growing population has also claimed our forests.

Did you know that every year the area of tree cover lost is equal to the area of the country Panama? You can very well imagine what could possibly happen if this continues for another ten years.

7. No security blanket

As I write, the hole in the ozone layer increases (thanks to our inseparable love for CFC’s). With
the security blanket gone, there will be nothing to protect us from the sun’s harmful rays in
another few years.

Did you know that the biggest hole in the Ozone layer is right above the Antarctic? Now imagine the polar caps melting (which has started, FYI) leading to an alarming increase in the sea level.

Moreover, with the UV rays now free to come in, we will be the first life form to be affected. No wonder why the World Cancer Research Fund has recorded a considerable increase in the number of people affected by skin cancer since the 1990s.

8. Rise of the Mutants

In the words of Stan Lee, “With great power comes great responsibility.” We humans have
always been arbitrary when it comes to using power, and defying nature has been our favorite
way of exercising power.

We have modified several species (most of them are plants and legumes) by using biotechnological engineering. As a result, the food we consume has increased levels of toxins.

Moreover, genetically modified produce has altered environmental patterns and has the potential to wreak havoc in the environment we live in.

What can we do?

The need for change is growing. If we fail to improve our actions, then there will be no future to
look forward to.

It is time for us to understand that one day’s contribution towards a degraded planet can take years of recuperation. We need to act like responsible earthlings.

We need to raise awareness in the lowest levels and contribute to achieve a more environmentally conscious earth to live in. Let us all go organic. Let us start with banning plastics. Switch to pool cars and use CNG only.

Our continuous quest to make lives easier has taken a toll on the environment and it is time that
we stop our practices.

We cannot risk melting ice caps, deforestation, and extinction of species.

The only way to atone for our sins would be to change our behavior, both individually and
globally. The earth is in a crisis. We need to consume less and conserve more. To avoid the
approaching apocalypse, we need to change our selfish ways to heal the world and make it a
better place for every form of life.

Author Bio: Gracie Anderson is an environmentalist who is associated with MyAssignmenthelp
through which she extends CPM Homework help to students pursuing environmental science.
She is also an environmental activist and an active blogger.

Reviewed and Posted on EnvironmentGO! by;
Okpara Francis Chinedu
Head of Contents,
EnvironmentGo.com

Protection and sustainability of the environment is a collective duty, we all shouldn't act like we don't care, everyone has a role to play and EnvironmentGo is here to represent your voice online.

Let's put hands together to save the environment.

Wednesday, 3 April 2019

The Ecological and Environment Advantages of Cash Over Digital money

Digital money prevails in our world, and this implicitly, but strongly, affects the environment. At the same time, there is a much more environmentally friendly alternative to electronic payments, and this is cash. It wins from the relatively low energy consumption of the production process and eco-friendly materials.

shot: eco friendly beauty

What is the most environmentally friendly payment method? No one has yet conducted a full-scale study that would compare environmental benefits of cash and cashless payments, but there are several facts that we tried to put together.

Banknotes and digital money have the same meaning but are of different origin. Paper money is printed at special enterprises that use raw materials, labor, and other industrial factors, and electronic payments are only possible thanks to the Internet, extensive network of computers and other equipment. Unlike cash, the latter mainly consume electricity. So, which industry consumes more energy and pollutes more?  

Let’s look at cash first. Here, for example, one of the most common currencies in the world, the euro. In 2003, approximately 3 billion euro banknotes were printed. In the same year, the European Central Bank conducted a study in which it found out that there were just about eight banknotes per each European for a whole year.
The annual environmental effect of these bills, including production and extraction of raw materials, printing, storage, transportation and disposal, was equal to only one 60W light bulb that each of these citizens left on for 12 hours.

And what about digital money? Data centers alone, without which the cashless payments industry cannot exist, consume 10% of the total world energy consumption. This is more than a couple of power plants produce in a whole year.

The number of non-cash transactions is growing. If we multiply the figures on energy consumption by the increased number of transactions, we will see that the future guarantees us a higher burden on the energy industry, and accordingly, on the environment. Part of this load could have been eliminated if electronic payments were at least partially replaced by less energy-intensive cash.

In addition, recycling and recovery of materials play a big role. As for cash, the cash recycling process is handled by central banks. They receive most of the unfit banknotes, and then send the money for recycling. For example, the Central Bank of England makes fertilizers from old paper notes, and turns old plastic banknotes into plant pots and storage boxes.

Other countries have similar practices. For instance, Reserve Bank of Australia recycles old plastic bills into pellets that can be used for producing building components, plumbing fittings, compost bins and other household and industrial products. And the Bank of Japan even makes toilet paper out of worn-out bills.

This approach stems from the long-standing mandatory requirement of recycling bills according to particular standards. It is impossible to get rid of old and unsuitable banknotes by simply throwing them away - in this case, counterfeiters can get them and use the old money for illegal purposes. Disposal of worn out bills is a long-term practice, and it has become greener along with the general growth of environmental trends.

Some banks, such as Bank Negara Malaysia, even put secondhand bills, that were deposited in the bank earlier, back in use. “Up to 74% of the banknotes that we will issue this Hari Raya [national holidays] will be fit banknotes, compared to when we first started, when the figure was very low, around 13%, said the bank’s Currency Management and Operation Department director Azman Mat Ali.

But how does this process occur in a cashless society? As mentioned above, cashless society mainly consumes electricity. At the same time, the share of renewable materials in the global electricity production is only 8.4 percent, that is, more than 90% of energy can no longer be recovered.

The situation with plastic cards - another integral part of a cashless society - is even more difficult. First, they are not as easy to collect as cash. We bring torn and soiled banknotes to the bank, hoping to receive an equivalent bill in exchange.

However, most old bank cards simply end up in trash, because they don’t store money, but the bank account does. Also, many plastic cards are made of polyvinyl chloride (PVC), which is cheap but practically impossible to recycle.

And even after the plastic reaches the recycling plants, it is not so easy to get rid of it as toxic substances leak into water, soil and even air. “PVC contaminates humans and the environment throughout its lifecycle during its production, use and disposal, says Greenpeace.

While all plastics pose serious threats to human health and the environment, few consumers realize that PVC is the single most environmentally damaging of all plastics.”

All in all, digital money is a complex system that includes many participants. However, it pays too little attention to environmental issues, and this situation is unlikely to improve in the near future. At the same time, the cashless finances have already begun to have a negative impact on the environment, and unless we do something, we may end up buried in thrash – literally.

Article written by 

Edward Lawrence.

Edward is an independant environmental consultant helping small to medium-sized companies to make the ecological transition to a lower carbon footprint.

Officially submitted to EnvironmentGo!.
Published byOkpara FrancisHead of contents.